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Matthew 16:21-23

Context
First Prediction of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection

16:21 From that time on 1  Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem 2  and suffer 3  many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests, and experts in the law, 4  and be killed, and on the third day be raised. 16:22 So Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him: 5  “God forbid, 6  Lord! This must not happen to you!” 16:23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me, because you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but on man’s.” 7 

1 tn Grk “From then.”

2 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

3 sn The necessity that the Son of Man suffer is the particular point that needed emphasis since for many 1st century Jews the Messiah was a glorious and powerful figure, not a suffering one.

4 tn Or “and scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

5 tn Grk “began to rebuke him, saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in English and has not been translated.

6 tn Grk “Merciful to you.” A highly elliptical expression: “May God be merciful to you in sparing you from having to undergo [some experience]” (L&N 88.78). A contemporary English equivalent is “God forbid!”

7 tn Grk “people.”



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