12:40 For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish 1 for three days and three nights, 2 so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. 12:41 The people 3 of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented when Jonah preached to them 4 – and now, 5 something greater than Jonah is here! 12:42 The queen of the South 6 will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon – and now, 7 something greater than Solomon is here!
1 tn Grk “large sea creature.”
4 tn Grk “at the preaching of Jonah.”
5 tn Grk “behold.”
6 sn On the queen of the South see 1 Kgs 10:1-3 and 2 Chr 9:1-12, as well as Josephus, Ant. 8.6.5-6 (8.165-175). The South most likely refers to modern southwest Arabia, possibly the eastern part of modern Yemen, although there is an ancient tradition reflected in Josephus which identifies this geo-political entity as Ethiopia.
7 tn Grk “behold.”