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Matthew 10:17-22

Context
10:17 Beware 1  of people, because they will hand you over to councils 2  and flog 3  you in their synagogues. 4  10:18 And you will be brought before governors and kings 5  because of me, as a witness to them and the Gentiles. 10:19 Whenever 6  they hand you over for trial, do not worry about how to speak or what to say, 7  for what you should say will be given to you at that time. 8  10:20 For it is not you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.

10:21 “Brother 9  will hand over brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise against 10  parents and have them put to death. 10:22 And you will be hated by everyone because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.

1 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

2 sn Councils in this context refers to local judicial bodies attached to the Jewish synagogue. This group would be responsible for meting out justice and discipline within the Jewish community.

3 tn BDAG 620 s.v. μαστιγόω 1.a states, “of flogging as a punishment decreed by the synagogue (Dt 25:2f; s. the Mishna Tractate Sanhedrin-Makkoth, edited w. notes by SKrauss ’33) w. acc. of pers. Mt 10:17; 23:34.”

4 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:23.

5 sn These statements look at persecution both from a Jewish context as the mention of courts and synagogues suggests, and from a Gentile one as the reference to governors and kings suggests. Some fulfillment of Jewish persecution can be seen in Acts.

6 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

7 tn Grk “how or what you might speak.”

8 tn Grk “in that hour.”

9 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

10 tn Or “will rebel against.”



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