9:43 If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off! It is better for you to enter into life crippled than to have 1 two hands and go into hell, 2 to the unquenchable fire. 9:44 [[EMPTY]] 3 9:45 If your foot causes you to sin, cut it off! It is better to enter life lame than to have 4 two feet and be thrown into hell. 9:46 [[EMPTY]] 5 9:47 If your eye causes you to sin, tear it out! 6 It is better to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye than to have 7 two eyes and be thrown into hell, 9:48 where their worm never dies and the fire is never quenched. 9:49 Everyone will be salted with fire. 8
1 tn Grk “than having.”
2 sn The word translated hell is “Gehenna” (γέεννα, geenna), a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew words ge hinnom (“Valley of Hinnom”). This was the valley along the south side of Jerusalem. In OT times it was used for human sacrifices to the pagan god Molech (cf. Jer 7:31; 19:5-6; 32:35), and it came to be used as a place where human excrement and rubbish were disposed of and burned. In the intertestamental period, it came to be used symbolically as the place of divine punishment (cf. 1 En. 27:2, 90:26; 4 Ezra 7:36). This Greek term also occurs in vv. 45, 47.
3 tc Most later
4 tn Grk “than having.”
6 tn Grk “throw it out.”
7 tn Grk “than having.”
8 tc The earliest
sn The statement everyone will be salted with fire is difficult to interpret. It may be a reference to (1) unbelievers who enter hell as punishment for rejection of Jesus, indicating that just as salt preserves so they will be preserved in their punishment in hell forever; (2) Christians who experience suffering in this world because of their attachment to Christ; (3) any person who experiences suffering in a way appropriate to their relationship to Jesus. For believers this means the suffering of purification, and for unbelievers it means hell, i.e., eternal torment.