9:4 Then Elijah appeared before them along with Moses, 1 and they were talking with Jesus. 9:5 So 2 Peter said to Jesus, 3 “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three shelters 4 – one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” 9:6 (For they were afraid, and he did not know what to say.) 5 9:7 Then 6 a cloud 7 overshadowed them, 8 and a voice came from the cloud, “This is my one dear Son. 9 Listen to him!” 10
1 sn Commentators and scholars discuss why Moses and Elijah are present. The most likely explanation is that Moses represents the prophetic office (Acts 3:18-22) and Elijah pictures the presence of the last days (Mal 4:5-6), the prophet of the eschaton (the end times).
2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
3 tn Grk “And answering, Peter said to Jesus.” The participle ἀποκριθείς (apokriqeis) is redundant and has not been translated.
4 tn Or “dwellings,” “booths” (referring to the temporary booths constructed in the celebration of the feast of Tabernacles).
sn Peter apparently wanted to celebrate the feast of Tabernacles or Booths that looked forward to the end and wanted to treat Moses, Elijah, and Jesus as equals by making three shelters (one for each). It was actually a way of expressing honor to Jesus, but the next few verses make it clear that it was not enough honor.
5 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.
6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
7 sn This cloud is the cloud of God’s presence and the voice is his as well.
8 tn Grk “And there came a cloud, surrounding them.”
9 tn Grk “my beloved Son,” or “my Son, the beloved [one].” The force of ἀγαπητός (agaphtos) is often “pertaining to one who is the only one of his or her class, but at the same time is particularly loved and cherished” (L&N 58.53; cf. also BDAG 7 s.v. 1).