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Mark 13:14

Context
The Abomination of Desolation

13:14 “But when you see the abomination of desolation 1  standing where it should not be (let the reader understand), then those in Judea must flee 2  to the mountains.

Mark 13:19

Context
13:19 For in those days there will be suffering 3  unlike anything that has happened 4  from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, or ever will happen.

Mark 13:24

Context
The Arrival of the Son of Man

13:24 “But in those days, after that suffering, 5  the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light;

1 sn The reference to the abomination of desolation is an allusion to Dan 9:27. Though some have seen the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy in the actions of Antiochus IV (or a representative of his) in 167 b.c., the words of Jesus seem to indicate that Antiochus was not the final fulfillment, but that there was (from Jesus’ perspective) still another fulfillment yet to come. Some argue that this was realized in a.d. 70, while others claim that it refers specifically to Antichrist and will not be fully realized until the period of the great tribulation at the end of the age (cf. Mark 13:19, 24; Matt 24:21; Rev 3:10).

2 sn Fleeing to the mountains is a key OT image: Gen 19:17; Judg 6:2; Isa 15:5; Jer 16:16; Zech 14:5.

3 tn Traditionally, “tribulation.”

4 sn Suffering unlike anything that has happened. Some refer this event to the destruction of Jerusalem in a.d. 70. While the events of a.d. 70 may reflect somewhat the comments Jesus makes here, the reference to the scope and severity of this judgment strongly suggest that much more is in view. Most likely Jesus is referring to the great end-time judgment on Jerusalem in the great tribulation.

5 tn Traditionally, “tribulation.”



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