4:2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 1 will rise with healing wings, 2 and you will skip about 3 like calves released from the stall. 4:3 You will trample on the wicked, for they will be like ashes under the soles of your feet on the day which I am preparing,” says the Lord who rules over all.
1 tn Here the Hebrew word צְדָקָה (tsÿdaqah), usually translated “righteousness” (so KJV, NIV, NRSV, NLT; cf. NAB “justice”), has been rendered as “vindication” because it is the vindication of God’s people that is in view in the context. Cf. BDB 842 s.v. צְדָקָה 6; “righteousness as vindicated, justification, salvation, etc.”
sn The expression the sun of vindication will rise is a metaphorical way of describing the day of the
2 sn The point of the metaphor of healing wings is unclear. The sun seems to be compared to a bird. Perhaps the sun’s “wings” are its warm rays. “Healing” may refer to a reversal of the injury done by evildoers (see Mal 3:5).
3 tn Heb “you will go out and skip about.”
5 tn Heb “which I commanded him in Horeb concerning all Israel, statutes and ordinances.”