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Malachi 3:9-11

Context
3:9 You are bound for judgment 1  because you are robbing me – this whole nation is guilty. 2 

3:10 “Bring the entire tithe into the storehouse 3  so that there may be food in my temple. Test me in this matter,” says the Lord who rules over all, “to see if I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until there is no room for it all. 3:11 Then I will stop the plague 4  from ruining your crops, 5  and the vine will not lose its fruit before harvest,” says the Lord who rules over all.

1 tn Heb “cursed with a curse” that is, “under a curse” (so NIV, NLT, CEV).

2 tn The phrase “is guilty” is not present in the Hebrew text but is implied, and has been supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic reasons.

3 tn The Hebrew phrase בֵּית הָאוֹצָר (bet haotsar, here translated “storehouse”) refers to a kind of temple warehouse described more fully in Nehemiah (where the term לִשְׁכָּה גְדוֹלָה [lishkah gÿdolah, “great chamber”] is used) as a place for storing grain, frankincense, temple vessels, wine, and oil (Neh 13:5). Cf. TEV “to the Temple.”

4 tn Heb “the eater” (אֹכֵל, ’okhel), a general term for any kind of threat to crops and livelihood. This is understood as a reference to a locust plague by a number of English versions: NAB, NRSV “the locust”; NIV “pests”; NCV, TEV “insects.”

5 tn Heb “and I will rebuke for you the eater and it will not ruin for you the fruit of the ground.”



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