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Malachi 1:4

Context

1:4 Edom 1  says, “Though we are devastated, we will once again build the ruined places.” So the Lord who rules over all 2  responds, “They indeed may build, but I will overthrow. They will be known as 3  the land of evil, the people with whom the Lord is permanently displeased.

1 sn Edom, a “brother” nation to Israel, became almost paradigmatic of hostility toward Israel and God (see Num 20:14-21; Deut 2:8; Jer 49:7-22; Ezek 25:12-14; Amos 1:11-12; Obad 10-12).

2 sn The epithet Lord who rules over all occurs frequently as a divine title throughout Malachi (24 times total). This name (יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת, yÿhvah tsÿvaot), traditionally translated “Lord of hosts” (so KJV, NAB, NASB; cf. NIV NLT “Lord Almighty”; NCV, CEV “Lord All-Powerful”), emphasizes the majestic sovereignty of the Lord, an especially important concept in the postexilic world of great human empires and rulers. For a thorough study of the divine title, see T. N. D. Mettinger, In Search of God, 123-57.

3 tn Heb “and they will call them.” The third person plural subject is indefinite; one could translate, “and people will call them.”



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