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Luke 9:22

Context
9:22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer 1  many things and be rejected by the elders, 2  chief priests, and experts in the law, 3  and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” 4 

Luke 9:44

Context
9:44 “Take these words to heart, 5  for the Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of men.” 6 

Luke 13:33

Context
13:33 Nevertheless I must 7  go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day, because it is impossible 8  that a prophet should be killed 9  outside Jerusalem.’ 10 

1 sn The necessity that the Son of Man suffer is the particular point that needed emphasis, since for many 1st century Jews the Messiah was a glorious and powerful figure, not a suffering one.

2 sn Rejection in Luke is especially by the Jewish leadership (here elders, chief priests, and experts in the law), though in Luke 23 almost all will join in.

3 tn Or “and scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 5:21.

4 sn The description of the Son of Man being rejected…killed, and…raised is the first of six passion summaries in Luke: 9:44; 17:25; 18:31-33; 24:7; 24:46-47.

5 tn Grk “Place these words into your ears,” an idiom. The meaning is either “do not forget these words” (L&N 29.5) or “Listen carefully to these words” (L&N 24.64). See also Exod 17:14. For a variation of this expression, see Luke 8:8.

6 tn The plural Greek term ἀνθρώπων (anqrwpwn) is considered by some to be used here in a generic sense, referring to both men and women (cf. NRSV, “into human hands”; TEV, “to the power of human beings”). However, because this can be taken as a specific reference to the group responsible for Jesus’ arrest, where it is unlikely women were present (cf. Matt 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:2-12), the word “men” has been retained in the translation. There may also be a slight wordplay with “the Son of Man” earlier in the verse.

7 tn This is the frequent expression δεῖ (dei, “it is necessary”) that notes something that is a part of God’s plan.

8 tn Or “unthinkable.” See L&N 71.4 for both possible meanings.

9 tn Or “should perish away from.”

10 sn Death in Jerusalem is another key theme in Luke’s material: 7:16, 34; 24:19; Acts 3:22-23. Notice that Jesus sees himself in the role of a prophet here. Jesus’ statement, it is impossible that a prophet should be killed outside Jerusalem, is filled with irony; Jesus, traveling about in Galilee (most likely), has nothing to fear from Herod; it is his own people living in the very center of Jewish religion and worship who present the greatest danger to his life. The underlying idea is that Jerusalem, though she stands at the very heart of the worship of God, often kills the prophets God sends to her (v. 34). In the end, Herod will be much less a threat than Jerusalem.

map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.



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