9:21 But he forcefully commanded 1 them not to tell this to anyone, 2 9:22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer 3 many things and be rejected by the elders, 4 chief priests, and experts in the law, 5 and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” 6
9:23 Then 7 he said to them all, 8 “If anyone wants to become my follower, 9 he must deny 10 himself, take up his cross daily, 11 and follow me. 9:24 For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, 12 but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. 9:25 For what does it benefit a person 13 if he gains the whole world but loses or forfeits himself?
1 tn The combination of the participle and verb ἐπιτιμήσας and παρήγγειλεν (epitimhsa" and parhngeilen, “commanding, he ordered”) is a hendiadys that makes the instruction emphatic.
2 sn No explanation for the command not to tell this to anyone is given, but the central section of Luke, chapters 9-19, appears to reveal a reason. The disciples needed to understand who the Messiah really was and exactly what he would do before they were ready to proclaim Jesus as such. But they and the people had an expectation that needed some instruction to be correct.
3 sn The necessity that the Son of Man suffer is the particular point that needed emphasis, since for many 1st century Jews the Messiah was a glorious and powerful figure, not a suffering one.
7 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
8 sn Here them all could be limited to the disciples, since Jesus was alone with them in v. 18. It could also be that by this time the crowd had followed and found him, and he addressed them, or this could be construed as a separate occasion from the discussion with the disciples in 9:18-22. The cost of discipleship is something Jesus was willing to tell both insiders and outsiders about. The rejection he felt would also fall on his followers.
9 tn Grk “to come after me.”
10 tn This translation better expresses the force of the Greek third person imperative than the traditional “let him deny,” which could be understood as merely permissive.
11 sn Only Luke mentions taking up one’s cross daily. To bear the cross means to accept the rejection of the world for turning to Jesus and following him. Discipleship involves a death that is like a crucifixion; see Gal 6:14.
12 sn The point of the saying whoever wants to save his life will lose it is that if one comes to Jesus then rejection by many will certainly follow. If self-protection is a key motivation, then one will not respond to Jesus and will not be saved. One who is willing to risk rejection will respond and find true life.
13 tn Grk “a man,” but ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo") is used in a generic sense here to refer to both men and women.