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Luke 9:21-22

9:21 But he forcefully commanded 1  them not to tell this to anyone, 2  9:22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer 3  many things and be rejected by the elders, 4  chief priests, and experts in the law, 5  and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” 6 

1 tn The combination of the participle and verb ἐπιτιμήσας and παρήγγειλεν (epitimhsa" and parhngeilen, “commanding, he ordered”) is a hendiadys that makes the instruction emphatic.

2 sn No explanation for the command not to tell this to anyone is given, but the central section of Luke, chapters 9-19, appears to reveal a reason. The disciples needed to understand who the Messiah really was and exactly what he would do before they were ready to proclaim Jesus as such. But they and the people had an expectation that needed some instruction to be correct.

3 sn The necessity that the Son of Man suffer is the particular point that needed emphasis, since for many 1st century Jews the Messiah was a glorious and powerful figure, not a suffering one.

4 sn Rejection in Luke is especially by the Jewish leadership (here elders, chief priests, and experts in the law), though in Luke 23 almost all will join in.

5 tn Or “and scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 5:21.

6 sn The description of the Son of Man being rejected…killed, and…raised is the first of six passion summaries in Luke: 9:44; 17:25; 18:31-33; 24:7; 24:46-47.

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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