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Luke 8:43-56

Context
8:43 Now 1  a woman was there who had been suffering from a hemorrhage 2  for twelve years 3  but could not be healed by anyone. 8:44 She 4  came up behind Jesus 5  and touched the edge 6  of his cloak, 7  and at once the bleeding 8  stopped. 8:45 Then 9  Jesus asked, 10  “Who was it who touched me?” When they all denied it, Peter 11  said, “Master, the crowds are surrounding you and pressing 12  against you!” 8:46 But Jesus said, “Someone touched me, for I know that power has gone out 13  from me.” 8:47 When 14  the woman saw that she could not escape notice, 15  she came trembling and fell down before him. In 16  the presence of all the people, she explained why 17  she had touched him and how she had been immediately healed. 8:48 Then 18  he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well. 19  Go in peace.”

8:49 While he was still speaking, someone from the synagogue ruler’s 20  house came and said, “Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the teacher any longer.” 8:50 But when Jesus heard this, he told 21  him, “Do not be afraid; just believe, and she will be healed.” 22  8:51 Now when he came to the house, Jesus 23  did not let anyone go in with him except Peter, John, 24  and James, and the child’s father and mother. 8:52 Now they were all 25  wailing and mourning 26  for her, but he said, “Stop your weeping; she is not dead but asleep.” 8:53 And they began making fun 27  of him, because they knew 28  that she was dead. 29  8:54 But Jesus 30  gently took her by the hand and said, 31  “Child, get up.” 8:55 Her 32  spirit returned, 33  and she got up immediately. Then 34  he told them to give her something to eat. 8:56 Her 35  parents were astonished, but he ordered them to tell no one 36  what had happened.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

2 tn Grk “a flow of blood.”

3 tc ‡ Most mss, including the majority of later mss (א[* C] A L W Θ Ξ [Ψ] Ë1,13 33 [1424] Ï [lat syc,p,h]) read here, “having spent all her money on doctors.” Uncertainty over its authenticity is due primarily to the fact that certain important witnesses do not have the phrase (e.g., Ì75 B [D] 0279 sys sa Or). This evidence alone renders its authenticity unlikely. It may have been intentionally added by later scribes in order to harmonize Luke’s account with similar material in Mark 5:26 (see TCGNT 121). NA27 includes the words in brackets, indicating doubt as to their authenticity.

4 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

5 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 sn The edge of his cloak refers to the kraspedon, the blue tassel on the garment that symbolized a Jewish man’s obedience to the law (cf. Num 15:37-41). The woman thus touched the very part of Jesus’ clothing that indicated his ritual purity.

7 tn Grk “garment,” but here ἱμάτιον (Jimation) denotes the outer garment in particular.

8 tn Grk “the flow of her blood.”

sn The woman was most likely suffering from a vaginal hemorrhage, in which case her bleeding would make her ritually unclean.

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

10 tn Grk “said.”

11 tc Most mss, especially the later ones (א A C*,3 D L W Θ Ξ Ψ Ë1,13 33 Ï latt), also have “and those together with him” (with two different Greek constructions for the phrase “with him”), while several important witnesses omit this phrase (Ì75 B Π 700* al sa). The singular verb εἶπεν (eipen, “he said”) could possibly suggest that only Peter was originally mentioned, but, if the longer reading is authentic, then εἶπεν would focus on Peter as the spokesman for the group, highlighting his prominence (cf. ExSyn 401-2). Nevertheless, the longer reading looks like a clarifying note, harmonizing this account with Mark 5:31.

12 sn Pressing is a graphic term used in everyday Greek of pressing grapes. Peter says in effect, “How could you ask this? Everyone is touching you!”

13 tn This is a consummative perfect. Jesus sensed that someone had approached him to be healed, as his reference to power makes clear. The perception underlies Jesus’ prophetic sense as well.

14 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

15 tn Or “could not remain unnoticed” (see L&N 28.83).

16 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. The order of the clauses in the remainder of the verse has been rearranged to reflect contemporary English style.

17 tn Grk “told for what reason.”

18 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

19 tn Or “has delivered you”; Grk “has saved you.” This should not be understood as an expression for full salvation in the immediate context; it refers only to the woman’s healing.

20 tn That is, “the official in charge of the synagogue”; ἀρχισυνάγωγος (arcisunagwgo") refers to the “president of a synagogue” (so BDAG 139 s.v. and L&N 53.93). In this case the referent is Jairus (v. 41).

21 tn Grk “answered.”

22 tn Or “will be delivered”; Grk “will be saved.” This should not be understood as an expression for full salvation in the immediate context; it refers only to the girl’s healing.

23 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

24 tn Grk “and John,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

25 sn This group probably includes outside or even professional mourners, not just family, because a large group seems to be present.

26 tn Grk “beating the breasts” (in mourning); see L&N 52.1.

27 tn This imperfect verb has been translated as an ingressive imperfect.

28 tn The participle εἰδότες (eidotes) has been translated as a causal adverbial participle.

29 tn Or “had died.”

30 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

31 tn Grk “and called, saying.” This is redundant in contemporary English and has been simplified in the translation to “and said.”

32 tn Grk “And her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

33 sn In other words, she came back to life; see Acts 20:10.

34 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

35 tn Grk “And her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

36 sn Jesus ordered them to tell no one because he desired that miracles not become the center of his ministry.



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