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Luke 8:40-56

Context
Restoration and Healing

8:40 Now when Jesus returned, 1  the crowd welcomed him, because they were all waiting for him. 8:41 Then 2  a man named Jairus, who was a ruler 3  of the synagogue, 4  came up. Falling 5  at Jesus’ feet, he pleaded 6  with him to come to his house, 8:42 because he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. 7 

As Jesus was on his way, the crowds pressed 8  around him. 8:43 Now 9  a woman was there who had been suffering from a hemorrhage 10  for twelve years 11  but could not be healed by anyone. 8:44 She 12  came up behind Jesus 13  and touched the edge 14  of his cloak, 15  and at once the bleeding 16  stopped. 8:45 Then 17  Jesus asked, 18  “Who was it who touched me?” When they all denied it, Peter 19  said, “Master, the crowds are surrounding you and pressing 20  against you!” 8:46 But Jesus said, “Someone touched me, for I know that power has gone out 21  from me.” 8:47 When 22  the woman saw that she could not escape notice, 23  she came trembling and fell down before him. In 24  the presence of all the people, she explained why 25  she had touched him and how she had been immediately healed. 8:48 Then 26  he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well. 27  Go in peace.”

8:49 While he was still speaking, someone from the synagogue ruler’s 28  house came and said, “Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the teacher any longer.” 8:50 But when Jesus heard this, he told 29  him, “Do not be afraid; just believe, and she will be healed.” 30  8:51 Now when he came to the house, Jesus 31  did not let anyone go in with him except Peter, John, 32  and James, and the child’s father and mother. 8:52 Now they were all 33  wailing and mourning 34  for her, but he said, “Stop your weeping; she is not dead but asleep.” 8:53 And they began making fun 35  of him, because they knew 36  that she was dead. 37  8:54 But Jesus 38  gently took her by the hand and said, 39  “Child, get up.” 8:55 Her 40  spirit returned, 41  and she got up immediately. Then 42  he told them to give her something to eat. 8:56 Her 43  parents were astonished, but he ordered them to tell no one 44  what had happened.

1 tn This is a temporal infinitival clause in contrast to Mark’s genitive absolute (Mark 5:21).

sn Here the author notes that Jesus returned to the western shore of the Sea of Galilee after his brief excursion into Gentile territory (8:26-39; cf. also Mark 5:21).

2 tn Grk “And behold.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

3 tn Jairus is described as ἄρχων τῆς συναγωγῆς (arcwn th" sunagwghs), the main elder at the synagogue who was in charge of organizing the services.

4 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:15.

5 tn Grk “and falling.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started in the translation at this point.

6 tn This verb is an imperfect tense, commonly used by Luke for vividness.

7 tn This imperfect verb could be understood ingressively: “she was beginning to die” or “was approaching death.”

8 sn Pressed is a very emphatic term – the crowds were pressing in so hard that one could hardly breathe (L&N 19.48).

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

10 tn Grk “a flow of blood.”

11 tc ‡ Most mss, including the majority of later mss (א[* C] A L W Θ Ξ [Ψ] Ë1,13 33 [1424] Ï [lat syc,p,h]) read here, “having spent all her money on doctors.” Uncertainty over its authenticity is due primarily to the fact that certain important witnesses do not have the phrase (e.g., Ì75 B [D] 0279 sys sa Or). This evidence alone renders its authenticity unlikely. It may have been intentionally added by later scribes in order to harmonize Luke’s account with similar material in Mark 5:26 (see TCGNT 121). NA27 includes the words in brackets, indicating doubt as to their authenticity.

12 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

13 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

14 sn The edge of his cloak refers to the kraspedon, the blue tassel on the garment that symbolized a Jewish man’s obedience to the law (cf. Num 15:37-41). The woman thus touched the very part of Jesus’ clothing that indicated his ritual purity.

15 tn Grk “garment,” but here ἱμάτιον (Jimation) denotes the outer garment in particular.

16 tn Grk “the flow of her blood.”

sn The woman was most likely suffering from a vaginal hemorrhage, in which case her bleeding would make her ritually unclean.

17 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

18 tn Grk “said.”

19 tc Most mss, especially the later ones (א A C*,3 D L W Θ Ξ Ψ Ë1,13 33 Ï latt), also have “and those together with him” (with two different Greek constructions for the phrase “with him”), while several important witnesses omit this phrase (Ì75 B Π 700* al sa). The singular verb εἶπεν (eipen, “he said”) could possibly suggest that only Peter was originally mentioned, but, if the longer reading is authentic, then εἶπεν would focus on Peter as the spokesman for the group, highlighting his prominence (cf. ExSyn 401-2). Nevertheless, the longer reading looks like a clarifying note, harmonizing this account with Mark 5:31.

20 sn Pressing is a graphic term used in everyday Greek of pressing grapes. Peter says in effect, “How could you ask this? Everyone is touching you!”

21 tn This is a consummative perfect. Jesus sensed that someone had approached him to be healed, as his reference to power makes clear. The perception underlies Jesus’ prophetic sense as well.

22 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

23 tn Or “could not remain unnoticed” (see L&N 28.83).

24 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. The order of the clauses in the remainder of the verse has been rearranged to reflect contemporary English style.

25 tn Grk “told for what reason.”

26 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

27 tn Or “has delivered you”; Grk “has saved you.” This should not be understood as an expression for full salvation in the immediate context; it refers only to the woman’s healing.

28 tn That is, “the official in charge of the synagogue”; ἀρχισυνάγωγος (arcisunagwgo") refers to the “president of a synagogue” (so BDAG 139 s.v. and L&N 53.93). In this case the referent is Jairus (v. 41).

29 tn Grk “answered.”

30 tn Or “will be delivered”; Grk “will be saved.” This should not be understood as an expression for full salvation in the immediate context; it refers only to the girl’s healing.

31 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

32 tn Grk “and John,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

33 sn This group probably includes outside or even professional mourners, not just family, because a large group seems to be present.

34 tn Grk “beating the breasts” (in mourning); see L&N 52.1.

35 tn This imperfect verb has been translated as an ingressive imperfect.

36 tn The participle εἰδότες (eidotes) has been translated as a causal adverbial participle.

37 tn Or “had died.”

38 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

39 tn Grk “and called, saying.” This is redundant in contemporary English and has been simplified in the translation to “and said.”

40 tn Grk “And her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

41 sn In other words, she came back to life; see Acts 20:10.

42 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

43 tn Grk “And her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

44 sn Jesus ordered them to tell no one because he desired that miracles not become the center of his ministry.



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