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Luke 8:32-33

Context
8:32 Now a large herd of pigs was feeding there on the hillside, 1  and the demonic spirits 2  begged Jesus 3  to let them go into them. He gave them permission. 4  8:33 So 5  the demons came out of the man and went into the pigs, and the herd of pigs 6  rushed down the steep slope into the lake and drowned.

1 tn Grk “mountain,” but this might give the English reader the impression of a far higher summit.

2 tn Grk “they”; the referent (the demonic spirits) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 sn Many have discussed why Jesus gave them permission, since the animals were destroyed. However, this is another example of a miracle that is a visual lesson. The demons are destructive: They were destroying the man. They destroyed the pigs. They destroy whatever they touch. The point was to take demonic influence seriously, as well as Jesus’ power over it as a picture of the larger battle for human souls. There would be no doubt how the man’s transformation had taken place.

5 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate a conclusion and transition in the narrative.

6 tn The words “of pigs” are supplied because of the following verb in English, “were drowned,” which is plural.



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