NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Luke 3:9

Context
3:9 Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees, 1  and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be 2  cut down and thrown into the fire.”

Luke 3:17

Context
3:17 His winnowing fork 3  is in his hand to clean out his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his storehouse, 4  but the chaff he will burn up with inextinguishable fire.” 5 

Luke 9:54

Context
9:54 Now when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do you want us to call fire to come down from heaven and consume 6  them?” 7 

Luke 17:29

Context
17:29 but on the day Lot went out from Sodom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. 8 

1 sn Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees. The imagery of an “ax already laid at the root of the trees” is vivid, connoting sudden and catastrophic judgment for the unrepentant and unfruitful. The image of “fire” serves to further heighten the intensity of the judgment referred to. It is John’s way of summoning all people to return to God with all their heart and avoid his unquenchable wrath soon to be poured out. John’s language and imagery is probably ultimately drawn from the OT where Israel is referred to as a fruitless vine (Hos 10:1-2; Jer 2:21-22) and the image of an “ax” is used to indicate God’s judgment (Ps 74:5-6; Jer 46:22).

2 tn Grk “is”; the present tense (ἐκκόπτεται, ekkoptetai) has futuristic force here.

3 sn A winnowing fork is a pitchfork-like tool used to toss threshed grain in the air so that the wind blows away the chaff, leaving the grain to fall to the ground. The note of purging is highlighted by the use of imagery involving sifting though threshed grain for the useful kernels.

4 tn Or “granary,” “barn” (referring to a building used to store a farm’s produce rather than a building for housing livestock).

5 sn The image of fire that cannot be extinguished is from the OT: Job 20:26; Isa 34:8-10; 66:24.

6 tn Or “destroy.”

7 tc Most mss, especially the later ones (A C D W Θ Ψ Ë1,13 33 Ï it), read here “as also Elijah did,” making the allusion to 2 Kgs 1:10, 12, 14 more explicit. The shorter reading has better and earlier support (Ì45,75 א B L Ξ 579 700* 1241 pc lat sa). It is difficult to explain how the shorter reading could have arisen from the longer, especially since it is well represented early on. However, the longer reading looks to have been a marginal note originally, incorporated into the text of Luke by early scribes.

sn An allusion to 2 Kgs 1:10, 12, 14.

8 sn And destroyed them all. The coming of the Son of Man will be like the judgment on Sodom, one of the most immoral places of the OT (Gen 19:16-17; Deut 32:32-33; Isa 1:10).



TIP #01: Welcome to the NEXT Bible Web Interface and Study System!! [ALL]
created in 0.06 seconds
powered by bible.org