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Luke 24:45-51

24:45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the scriptures, 1  24:46 and said to them, “Thus it stands written that the Christ 2  would suffer 3  and would rise from the dead on the third day, 24:47 and repentance 4  for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed 5  in his name to all nations, 6  beginning from Jerusalem. 7  24:48 You are witnesses 8  of these things. 24:49 And look, I am sending you 9  what my Father promised. 10  But stay in the city 11  until you have been clothed with power 12  from on high.”

Jesus’ Departure

24:50 Then 13  Jesus 14  led them out as far as Bethany, 15  and lifting up his hands, he blessed them. 24:51 Now 16  during the blessing 17  he departed 18  and was taken up into heaven. 19 

1 sn Luke does not mention specific texts here, but it is likely that many of the scriptures he mentioned elsewhere in Luke-Acts would have been among those he had in mind.

2 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

3 tn Three Greek infinitives are the key to this summary: (1) to suffer, (2) to rise, and (3) to be preached. The Christ (Messiah) would be slain, would be raised, and a message about repentance would go out into all the world as a result. All of this was recorded in the scripture. The remark shows the continuity between Jesus’ ministry, the scripture, and what disciples would be doing as they declared the Lord risen.

4 sn This repentance has its roots in declarations of the Old Testament. It is the Hebrew concept of a turning of direction.

5 tn Or “preached,” “announced.”

6 sn To all nations. The same Greek term (τὰ ἔθνη, ta eqnh) may be translated “the Gentiles” or “the nations.” The hope of God in Christ was for all the nations from the beginning.

7 sn Beginning from Jerusalem. See Acts 2, which is where it all starts.

map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

8 sn You are witnesses. This becomes a key concept of testimony in Acts. See Acts 1:8.

9 tn Grk “sending on you.”

10 tn Grk “the promise of my Father,” with τοῦ πατρός (tou patros) translated as a subjective genitive. This is a reference to the Holy Spirit and looks back to how one could see Messiah had come with the promise of old (Luke 3:15-18). The promise is rooted in Jer 31:31 and Ezek 36:26.

11 sn The city refers to Jerusalem.

12 sn Until you have been clothed with power refers to the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. What the Spirit supplies is enablement. See Luke 12:11-12; 21:12-15. The difference the Spirit makes can be seen in Peter (compare Luke 22:54-62 with Acts 2:14-41).

13 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

14 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

15 sn Bethany was village on the Mount of Olives about 2 mi (3 km) from Jerusalem; see John 11:1, 18.

16 tn Grk “And it happened that while.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

17 tn Grk “while he blessed them.”

18 tn Grk “he departed from them.”

19 tc The reference to the ascension (“and was taken up into heaven”) is lacking in א* D it sys, but it is found in Ì75 and the rest of the ms tradition. The authenticity of the statement here seems to be presupposed in Acts 1:2, for otherwise it is difficult to account for Luke’s reference to the ascension there. For a helpful discussion, see TCGNT 162-63.

tn For the translation of ἀνεφέρετο (anefereto) as “was taken up” see BDAG 75 s.v. ἀναφέρω 1.

sn There is great debate whether this event equals Acts 1:9-11 so that Luke has telescoped something here that he describes in more detail later. The text can be read in this way because the temporal marker in v. 50 is vague.

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