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Luke 24:13-21

Context
Jesus Walks the Road to Emmaus

24:13 Now 1  that very day two of them 2  were on their way to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles 3  from Jerusalem. 4  24:14 They 5  were talking to each other about all the things that had happened. 24:15 While 6  they were talking and debating 7  these things, 8  Jesus himself approached and began to accompany them 24:16 (but their eyes were kept 9  from recognizing 10  him). 11  24:17 Then 12  he said to them, “What are these matters 13  you are discussing so intently 14  as you walk along?” And they stood still, looking sad. 24:18 Then one of them, named Cleopas, answered him, 15  “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who doesn’t know 16  the things that have happened there 17  in these days?” 24:19 He 18  said to them, “What things?” “The things concerning Jesus the Nazarene,” they replied, “a man 19  who, with his powerful deeds and words, proved to be a prophet 20  before God and all the people; 24:20 and how our chief priests and rulers handed him over 21  to be condemned to death, and crucified 22  him. 24:21 But we had hoped 23  that he was the one who was going to redeem 24  Israel. Not only this, but it is now the third day since these things happened.

1 tn Grk “And behold.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic. The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

2 tn These are disciples as they know about the empty tomb and do not know what to make of it all.

3 tn Grk “sixty stades” or about 11 kilometers. A stade (στάδιον, stadion) was a unit of distance about 607 feet (187 meters) long.

4 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

5 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

6 tn Grk “And it happened that while.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

7 tn This term suggests emotional dialogue and can thus be translated “debated.”

8 tn The phrase “these things” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were frequently omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

9 sn The two disciples will not be allowed to recognize Jesus until v. 31.

10 tn This is an epexegetical (i.e., explanatory) infinitive in Greek.

11 sn This parenthetical remark by the author is necessary so the reader will understand the account.

12 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

13 tn Grk “words,” but the term λόγος (logos) can refer to “matters” rather than only “words” (BDAG 600 s.v. 1.a.ε).

14 tn “Discussing so intently” translates the reciprocal idea conveyed by πρὸς ἀλλήλους (pro" allhlou"). The term ἀντιβάλλω (antiballw), used only here in the NT, has the nuance of “arguing” or “debating” a point (the English idiom “to exchange words” also comes close).

15 tn Grk “answering him, said.” This is redundant in English and has been simplified in the translation.

16 sn There is irony and almost a sense of mocking disbelief as the question “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who doesn’t know the things that have happened there in these days?” comes to Jesus; but, of course, the readers know what the travelers do not.

17 tn Grk “in it” (referring to the city of Jerusalem).

18 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

19 tn This translates the Greek term ἀνήρ (anhr).

20 sn The role of Jesus as prophet is a function Luke frequently mentions: 4:25-27; 9:35; 13:31-35.

21 sn Handed him over is another summary of the passion like Luke 9:22.

22 sn See the note on crucify in 23:21.

23 tn The imperfect verb looks back to the view that they held during Jesus’ past ministry.

24 sn Their messianic hope concerning Jesus is expressed by the phrase who was going to redeem Israel.



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