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Luke 23:39-40

Context

23:39 One of the criminals who was hanging there railed at him, saying, “Aren’t 1  you the Christ? 2  Save yourself and us!” 23:40 But the other rebuked him, saying, 3  “Don’t 4  you fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 5 

1 tc Most mss (A C3 W Θ Ψ Ë1,13 33 Ï lat) read εἰ σὺ εἶ (ei su ei, “If you are”) here, while οὐχὶ σὺ εἶ (ouci su ei, “Are you not”) is found in overall better and earlier witnesses (Ì75 א B C* L 070 1241 pc it). The “if” clause reading creates a parallel with the earlier taunts (vv. 35, 37), and thus is most likely a motivated reading.

sn The question in Greek expects a positive reply and is also phrased with irony.

2 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.

3 tn Grk “But answering, the other rebuking him, said.” This is somewhat redundant and has been simplified in the translation.

4 tn The particle used here (οὐδέ, oude), which expects a positive reply, makes this a rebuke – “You should fear God and not speak!”

5 tn The words “of condemnation” are not in the Greek text, but are implied.



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