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Luke 23:25

Context
23:25 He released the man they asked for, who had been thrown in prison for insurrection and murder. But he handed Jesus over 1  to their will. 2 

Luke 23:32-33

Context

23:32 Two other criminals 3  were also led away to be executed with him. 23:33 So 4  when they came to the place that is called “The Skull,” 5  they crucified 6  him there, along with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.

1 tn Or “delivered up.”

2 sn He handed Jesus over to their will. Here is where Luke places the major blame for Jesus’ death. It lies with the Jewish nation, especially the leadership, though in Acts 4:24-27 he will bring in the opposition of Herod, Pilate, and all people.

3 tc The text reads either “two other criminals” or “others, two criminals.” The first reading (found in Ì75 א B) could be read as describing Jesus as a criminal, while the second (found in A C D L W Θ Ψ 070 0250 Ë1,13 33 Ï) looks like an attempt to prevent this identification. The first reading, more difficult to explain from the other, is likely original.

sn Jesus is numbered among the criminals (see Isa 53:12 and Luke 22:37).

4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the conclusion of the preceding material.

5 sn The place that is calledThe Skull’ (known as Golgotha in Aramaic, cf. John 19:17) is north and just outside of Jerusalem. The hill on which it is located protruded much like a skull, giving the place its name. The Latin word for Greek κρανίον (kranion) is calvaria, from which the English word “Calvary” derives (cf. Luke 23:33 in the KJV).

6 sn See the note on crucify in 23:21.



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