23:25 He released the man they asked for, who had been thrown in prison for insurrection and murder. But he handed Jesus over 1 to their will. 2
23:32 Two other criminals 3 were also led away to be executed with him. 23:33 So 4 when they came to the place that is called “The Skull,” 5 they crucified 6 him there, along with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.
1 tn Or “delivered up.”
2 sn He handed Jesus over to their will. Here is where Luke places the major blame for Jesus’ death. It lies with the Jewish nation, especially the leadership, though in Acts 4:24-27 he will bring in the opposition of Herod, Pilate, and all people.
3 tc The text reads either “two other criminals” or “others, two criminals.” The first reading (found in Ì75 א B) could be read as describing Jesus as a criminal, while the second (found in A C D L W Θ Ψ 070 0250 Ë1,13 33 Ï) looks like an attempt to prevent this identification. The first reading, more difficult to explain from the other, is likely original.
4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the conclusion of the preceding material.
5 sn The place that is called ‘The Skull’ (known as Golgotha in Aramaic, cf. John 19:17) is north and just outside of Jerusalem. The hill on which it is located protruded much like a skull, giving the place its name. The Latin word for Greek κρανίον (kranion) is calvaria, from which the English word “Calvary” derives (cf. Luke 23:33 in the KJV).