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Luke 23:2

Context
23:2 They 1  began to accuse 2  him, saying, “We found this man subverting 3  our nation, forbidding 4  us to pay the tribute tax 5  to Caesar 6  and claiming that he himself is Christ, 7  a king.”

Luke 23:14

Context
23:14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading 8  the people. When I examined him before you, I 9  did not find this man guilty 10  of anything you accused him of doing.

1 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

2 sn They began to accuse him. There were three charges: (1) disturbing Jewish peace; (2) fomenting rebellion through advocating not paying taxes (a lie – 20:20-26); and (3) claiming to be a political threat to Rome, by claiming to be a king, an allusion to Jesus’ messianic claims. The second and third charges were a direct challenge to Roman authority. Pilate would be forced to do something about them.

3 tn On the use of the term διαστρέφω (diastrefw) here, see L&N 31.71 and 88.264.

sn Subverting our nation was a summary charge, as Jesus “subverted” the nation by making false claims of a political nature, as the next two detailed charges show.

4 tn Grk “and forbidding.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated to suggest to the English reader that this and the following charge are specifics, while the previous charge was a summary one. See the note on the word “misleading” earlier in this verse.

5 tn This was a “poll tax.” L&N 57.182 states this was “a payment made by the people of one nation to another, with the implication that this is a symbol of submission and dependence – ‘tribute tax.’”

6 tn Or “to the emperor” (“Caesar” is a title for the Roman emperor).

7 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.

8 tn This term also appears in v. 2.

9 tn Grk “behold, I” A transitional use of ἰδού (idou) has not been translated here.

10 tn Grk “nothing did I find in this man by way of cause.” The reference to “nothing” is emphatic.



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