23:13 Then 1 Pilate called together the chief priests, the 2 rulers, and the people, 23:14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading 3 the people. When I examined him before you, I 4 did not find this man guilty 5 of anything you accused him of doing. 23:15 Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, he has done nothing 6 deserving death. 7 23:16 I will therefore have him flogged 8 and release him.”
23:20 Pilate addressed them once again because he wanted 9 to release Jesus.
23:22 A third time he said to them, “Why? What wrong has he done? I have found him guilty 10 of no crime deserving death. 11 I will therefore flog 12 him and release him.”
1 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
2 tn Grk “and the,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.
4 tn Grk “behold, I” A transitional use of ἰδού (idou) has not been translated here.
5 tn Grk “nothing did I find in this man by way of cause.” The reference to “nothing” is emphatic.
6 sn With the statement “he has done nothing,” Pilate makes another claim that Jesus is innocent of any crime worthy of death.
7 tn Grk “nothing deserving death has been done by him.” The passive construction has been translated as an active one in keeping with contemporary English style.
8 tn Or “scourged” (BDAG 749 s.v. παιδεύω 2.b.γ). This refers to a whipping Pilate ordered in an attempt to convince Jesus not to disturb the peace. It has been translated “flogged” to distinguish it from the more severe verberatio.
9 sn The account pictures a battle of wills – the people versus Pilate. Pilate is consistently portrayed in Luke’s account as wanting to release Jesus because he believed him to be innocent.
10 tn Grk “no cause of death I found in him.”
11 sn The refrain of innocence comes once again. Pilate tried to bring some sense of justice, believing Jesus had committed no crime deserving death.