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Luke 23:13-16

Context
Jesus Brought Before the Crowd

23:13 Then 1  Pilate called together the chief priests, the 2  rulers, and the people, 23:14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading 3  the people. When I examined him before you, I 4  did not find this man guilty 5  of anything you accused him of doing. 23:15 Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, he has done nothing 6  deserving death. 7  23:16 I will therefore have him flogged 8  and release him.”

Luke 23:20

Context
23:20 Pilate addressed them once again because he wanted 9  to release Jesus.

Luke 23:22

Context
23:22 A third time he said to them, “Why? What wrong has he done? I have found him guilty 10  of no crime deserving death. 11  I will therefore flog 12  him and release him.”

1 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

2 tn Grk “and the,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

3 tn This term also appears in v. 2.

4 tn Grk “behold, I” A transitional use of ἰδού (idou) has not been translated here.

5 tn Grk “nothing did I find in this man by way of cause.” The reference to “nothing” is emphatic.

6 sn With the statement “he has done nothing,” Pilate makes another claim that Jesus is innocent of any crime worthy of death.

7 tn Grk “nothing deserving death has been done by him.” The passive construction has been translated as an active one in keeping with contemporary English style.

8 tn Or “scourged” (BDAG 749 s.v. παιδεύω 2.b.γ). This refers to a whipping Pilate ordered in an attempt to convince Jesus not to disturb the peace. It has been translated “flogged” to distinguish it from the more severe verberatio.

9 sn The account pictures a battle of wills – the people versus Pilate. Pilate is consistently portrayed in Luke’s account as wanting to release Jesus because he believed him to be innocent.

10 tn Grk “no cause of death I found in him.”

11 sn The refrain of innocence comes once again. Pilate tried to bring some sense of justice, believing Jesus had committed no crime deserving death.

12 tn Or “scourge” (BDAG 749 s.v. παιδεύω 2.b.γ). See the note on “flogged” in v. 16.



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