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Luke 22:54-71

Context
Jesus’ Condemnation and Peter’s Denials

22:54 Then 1  they arrested 2  Jesus, 3  led him away, and brought him into the high priest’s house. 4  But Peter was following at a distance. 22:55 When they had made a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them. 22:56 Then a slave girl, 5  seeing him as he sat in the firelight, stared at him and said, “This man was with him too!” 22:57 But Peter 6  denied it: “Woman, 7  I don’t know 8  him!” 22:58 Then 9  a little later someone else 10  saw him and said, “You are one of them too.” But Peter said, “Man, 11  I am not!” 22:59 And after about an hour still another insisted, 12  “Certainly this man was with him, because he too is a Galilean.” 13  22:60 But Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” At that moment, 14  while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 15  22:61 Then 16  the Lord turned and looked straight at Peter, and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, 17  how he had said to him, “Before a rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.” 22:62 And he went outside and wept bitterly. 18 

22:63 Now 19  the men who were holding Jesus 20  under guard began to mock him and beat him. 22:64 They 21  blindfolded him and asked him repeatedly, 22  “Prophesy! Who hit you?” 23  22:65 They also said many other things against him, reviling 24  him.

22:66 When day came, the council of the elders of the people gathered together, both the chief priests and the experts in the law. 25  Then 26  they led Jesus 27  away to their council 28  22:67 and said, “If 29  you are the Christ, 30  tell us.” But he said to them, “If 31  I tell you, you will not 32  believe, 22:68 and if 33  I ask you, you will not 34  answer. 22:69 But from now on 35  the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand 36  of the power 37  of God.” 22:70 So 38  they all said, “Are you the Son of God, 39  then?” He answered 40  them, “You say 41  that I am.” 22:71 Then 42  they said, “Why do we need further testimony? We have heard it ourselves 43  from his own lips!” 44 

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

2 tn Or “seized” (L&N 37.109).

3 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 sn Putting all the gospel accounts together, there is a brief encounter with Annas (brought him into the high priest’s house, here and John 18:13, where Annas is named); the meeting led by Caiaphas (Matt 26:57-68 = Mark 14:53-65; and then a Sanhedrin meeting (Matt 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71). These latter two meetings might be connected and apparently went into the morning.

5 tn The Greek term here is παιδίσκη (paidiskh), referring to a slave girl or slave woman.

6 tn Grk “he denied it, saying.” The referent (Peter) has been specified in the translation for clarity. The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant and has not been translated.

7 sn Woman was a polite form of address (see BDAG 208-9 s.v. γυνή), similar to “Madam” or “Ma’am” used in English in different regions.

8 sn The expression “I do not know him” had an idiomatic use in Jewish ban formulas in the synagogue and could mean, “I have nothing to do with him.”

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

10 sn In Mark 14:69, the same slave girl made the charge. So apparently Peter was being identified by a variety of people.

11 tn Here and in v. 60 “Man” is used as a neutral form of address to a stranger.

12 tn Grk “insisted, saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in English and has not been translated here.

13 sn According to Mark 14:70 it was Peter’s accent that gave him away as a Galilean.

14 tn Grk “And immediately.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

15 tn A real rooster crowing is probably in view here (rather than the Roman trumpet call known as gallicinium), in part due to the fact that Mark 14:72 mentions the rooster crowing twice. See the discussion at Matt 26:74.

16 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

17 tn “The word of the Lord” is a technical expression in OT literature, often referring to a divine prophetic utterance (e.g., Gen 15:1, Isa 1:10, Jonah 1:1). In the NT it occurs 15 times: 3 times as ῥῆμα τοῦ κυρίου (rJhma tou kuriou; here and in Acts 11:16, 1 Pet 1:25) and 12 times as λόγος τοῦ κυρίου (logo" tou kuriou; Acts 8:25; 13:44, 48, 49; 15:35, 36; 16:32; 19:10, 20; 1 Thess 1:8, 4:15; 2 Thess 3:1). As in the OT, this phrase focuses on the prophetic nature and divine origin of what has been said. Because of its technical nature the expression has been retained in the translation in preference to a smoother rendering like “remembered what the Lord had said” (cf. TEV, NLT).

18 sn When Peter went out and wept bitterly it shows he really did not want to fail here and was deeply grieved that he had.

19 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

20 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

21 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

22 tn The verb ἐπηρώτων (ephrwtwn) has been translated as an iterative imperfect. The participle λέγοντες (legontes) is redundant in English and has not been translated here.

23 tn Grk “Who is the one who hit you?”

sn Who hit you? This is a variation of one of three ancient games that involved blindfolds.

24 tn Or “insulting.” Luke uses a strong word here; it means “to revile, to defame, to blaspheme” (L&N 33.400).

25 tn Or “and the scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 5:21.

26 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

27 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

28 sn Their council is probably a reference to the Jewish Sanhedrin, the council of seventy leaders.

29 tn This is a first class condition in the Greek text.

30 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.

31 tn This is a third class condition in the Greek text. Jesus had this experience already in 20:1-8.

32 tn The negation in the Greek text is the strongest possible (οὐ μή, ou mh).

33 tn This is also a third class condition in the Greek text.

34 tn The negation in the Greek text is the strongest possible (οὐ μή, ou mh).

35 sn From now on. Jesus’ authority was taken up from this moment on. Ironically he is now the ultimate judge, who is himself being judged.

36 sn Seated at the right hand is an allusion to Ps 110:1 (“Sit at my right hand…”) and is a claim that Jesus shares authority with God in heaven. Those present may have thought they were his judges, but, in fact, the reverse was true.

37 sn The expression the right hand of the power of God is a circumlocution for referring to God. Such indirect references to God were common in 1st century Judaism out of reverence for the divine name.

38 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of Jesus’ pronouncement.

39 sn The members of the council understood the force of the claim and asked Jesus about another title, Son of God.

40 tn Grk “He said to them.”

41 sn Jesus’ reply, “You say that I am,” was not a denial, but a way of giving a qualified positive response: “You have said it, but I do not quite mean what you think.”

42 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

43 sn We have heard it ourselves. The Sanhedrin regarded the answer as convicting Jesus. They saw it as blasphemous to claim such intimacy and shared authority with God, a claim so serious and convicting that no further testimony was needed.

44 tn Grk “from his own mouth” (an idiom).



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