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Luke 20:34-36

Context

20:34 So 1  Jesus said to them, “The people of this age 2  marry and are given in marriage. 20:35 But those who are regarded as worthy to share in 3  that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 4  20:36 In fact, they can no longer die, because they are equal to angels 5  and are sons of God, since they are 6  sons 7  of the resurrection.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate that Jesus’ response is a result of their framing of the question.

2 tn Grk “sons of this age” (an idiom, see L&N 11.16). The following clause which refers to being “given in marriage” suggests both men and women are included in this phrase.

3 tn Grk “to attain to.”

4 sn Life in the age to come is different than life here (they neither marry nor are given in marriage). This means Jesus’ questioners had made a false assumption that life was the same both now and in the age to come.

5 sn Angels do not die, nor do they eat according to Jewish tradition (1 En. 15:6; 51:4; Wis 5:5; 2 Bar. 51:10; 1QH 3.21-23).

6 tn Grk “sons of God, being.” The participle ὄντες (ontes) has been translated as a causal adverbial participle here.

7 tn Or “people.” The noun υἱός (Juios) followed by the genitive of class or kind (“sons of…”) denotes a person of a class or kind, specified by the following genitive construction. This Semitic idiom is frequent in the NT (L&N 9.4).



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