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Luke 1:28

Context
1:28 The 1  angel 2  came 3  to her and said, “Greetings, favored one, 4  the Lord is with you!” 5 

Luke 1:42

Context
1:42 She 6  exclaimed with a loud voice, 7  “Blessed are you among women, 8  and blessed is the child 9  in your womb!

1 tn Grk “And coming to her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

2 tn Grk “And coming to her, he said”; the referent (the angel) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Grk “coming to her, he said.” The participle εἰσελθών (eiselqwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

4 tn The address, “favored one” (a perfect participle, Grk “Oh one who is favored”) points to Mary as the recipient of God’s grace, not a bestower of it. She is a model saint in this passage, one who willingly receives God’s benefits. The Vulgate rendering “full of grace” suggests something more of Mary as a bestower of grace, but does not make sense here contextually.

5 tc Most mss (A C D Θ Ë13 33 Ï latt sy) read here εὐλογημένη σὺ ἐν γυναιξίν (euloghmenh su en gunaixin, “blessed are you among women”) which also appears in 1:42 (where it is textually certain). This has the earmarks of a scribal addition for balance; the shorter reading, attested by the most important witnesses and several others (א B L W Ψ Ë1 565 579 700 1241 pc co), is thus preferred.

6 tn Grk “and she.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was begun here in the translation. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

7 tn Grk “and she exclaimed with a great cry and said.” The verb εἶπεν (eipen, “said”) has not been included in the translation since it is redundant in contemporary English.

8 sn The commendation Blessed are you among women means that Mary has a unique privilege to be the mother of the promised one of God.

9 tn Grk “fruit,” which is figurative here for the child she would give birth to.



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