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Luke 1:15

Context
1:15 for he will be great in the sight of 1  the Lord. He 2  must never drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth. 3 

Luke 1:41

Context
1:41 When 4  Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped 5  in her 6  womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 7 

1 tn Grk “before.”

2 tn Grk “and he”; because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence is begun in the translation.

3 tn Grk “even from his mother’s womb.” While this idiom may be understood to refer to the point of birth (“even from his birth”), Luke 1:41 suggests that here it should be understood to refer to a time before birth.

sn He will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth. This is the language of the birth of a prophet (Judg 13:5, 7; Isa 49:1; Jer 1:5; Sir 49:7); see 1:41 for the first fulfillment.

4 tn Grk “And it happened that.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated. Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here either.

5 sn When the baby leaped John gave his first testimony about Jesus, a fulfillment of 1:15.

6 tn The antecedent of “her” is Elizabeth.

7 sn The passage makes clear that Elizabeth spoke her commentary with prophetic enablement, filled with the Holy Spirit.



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