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Luke 19:7-10

Context
19:7 And when the people 1  saw it, they all complained, 2  “He has gone in to be the guest of a man who is a sinner.” 3  19:8 But Zacchaeus stopped and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord, half of my possessions I now give 4  to the poor, and if 5  I have cheated anyone of anything, I am paying back four times as much!” 19:9 Then 6  Jesus said to him, “Today salvation 7  has come to this household, 8  because he too is a son of Abraham! 9  19:10 For the Son of Man came 10  to seek and to save the lost.”

1 tn Grk “they”; the referent is unspecified but is probably the crowd in general, who would have no great love for a man like Zacchaeus who had enriched himself many times over at their expense.

2 tn This term is used only twice in the NT, both times in Luke (here and 15:2) and has negative connotations both times (BDAG 227 s.v. διαγογγύζω). The participle λέγοντες (legonte") is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

3 sn Being the guest of a man who is a sinner was a common complaint about Jesus: Luke 5:31-32; 7:37-50; 15:1-2.

4 sn Zacchaeus was a penitent man who resolved on the spot to act differently in the face of Jesus’ acceptance of him. In resolving to give half his possessions to the poor, Zacchaeus was not defending himself against the crowd’s charges and claiming to be righteous. Rather as a result of this meeting with Jesus, he was a changed individual. So Jesus could speak of salvation coming that day (v. 9) and of the lost being saved (v. 10).

5 tn This is a first class condition in the Greek text. It virtually confesses fraud.

6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative

7 sn This is one of the few uses of the specific term salvation in Luke (1:69, 71, 77), though the concept runs throughout the Gospel.

8 sn The household is not a reference to the building, but to the people who lived within it (L&N 10.8).

9 sn Zacchaeus was personally affirmed by Jesus as a descendant (son) of Abraham and a member of God’s family.

10 sn The Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost is Jesus’ mission succinctly defined. See Luke 15:1-32.



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