15:4 “Which one 1 of you, if he has a hundred 2 sheep and loses one of them, would not leave the ninety-nine in the open pasture 3 and go look for 4 the one that is lost until he finds it? 5 15:5 Then 6 when he has found it, he places it on his shoulders, rejoicing. 15:6 Returning 7 home, he calls together 8 his 9 friends and neighbors, telling them, ‘Rejoice with me, because I have found my sheep that was lost.’
15:10 In the same way, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of God’s angels 10 over one sinner who repents.”
1 tn Grk “What man.” The Greek word ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo") is used here in a somewhat generic sense.
2 sn This individual with a hundred sheep is a shepherd of modest means, as flocks often had up to two hundred head of sheep.
3 tn Or “desert,” but here such a translation might suggest neglect of the 99 sheep left behind.
4 tn Grk “go after,” but in contemporary English the idiom “to look for” is used to express this.
6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
7 tn Grk “And coming into his…” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
9 tn Grk “the”; in context the article is used as a possessive pronoun (ExSyn 215). It occurs before “neighbors” as well (“his friends and his neighbors”) but has not been translated the second time because of English style.
10 sn The whole of heaven is said to rejoice. Joy in the presence of God’s angels is a way of referring to God’s joy as well without having to name him explicitly. Contemporary Judaism tended to refer to God indirectly where possible out of reverence or respect for the divine name.