15:21 Then 1 his son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven 2 and against you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ 3 15:22 But the father said to his slaves, 4 ‘Hurry! Bring the best robe, 5 and put it on him! Put a ring on his finger 6 and sandals 7 on his feet!
1 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
2 sn The phrase against heaven is a circumlocution for God. 1st century Judaism tended to minimize use of the divine name out of reverence.
5 sn With the instructions Hurry! Bring the best robe, there is a total acceptance of the younger son back into the home.
6 tn Grk “hand”; but χείρ (ceir) can refer to either the whole hand or any relevant part of it (L&N 8.30).
7 sn The need for sandals underlines the younger son’s previous destitution, because he was barefoot.