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Luke 15:17-19

Context
15:17 But when he came to his senses 1  he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired workers have food 2  enough to spare, but here I am dying from hunger! 15:18 I will get up and go to my father and say to him, “Father, I have sinned 3  against heaven 4  and against 5  you. 15:19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; treat me 6  like one of your hired workers.”’

Luke 15:21

Context
15:21 Then 7  his son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven 8  and against you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ 9 

1 tn Grk “came to himself” (an idiom).

2 tn Grk “bread,” but used figuratively for food of any kind (L&N 5.1).

3 sn In the confession “I have sinned” there is a recognition of wrong that pictures the penitent coming home and “being found.”

4 sn The phrase against heaven is a circumlocution for God.

5 tn According to BDAG 342 s.v. ἐνωπιον 4.a, “in relation to ἁμαρτάνειν ἐ. τινος sin against someone Lk 15:18, 21 (cf. Jdth 5:17; 1 Km 7:6; 20:1).”

6 tn Or “make me.” Here is a sign of total humility.

7 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

8 sn The phrase against heaven is a circumlocution for God. 1st century Judaism tended to minimize use of the divine name out of reverence.

9 sn The younger son launches into his confession just as he had planned. See vv. 18-19.



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