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Luke 11:9-13

Context

11:9 “So 1  I tell you: Ask, 2  and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and the door 3  will be opened for you. 11:10 For everyone who asks 4  receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks, the door 5  will be opened. 11:11 What father among you, if your 6  son asks for 7  a fish, will give him a snake 8  instead of a fish? 11:12 Or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 9  11:13 If you then, although you are 10  evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit 11  to those who ask him!”

1 tn Here καί (kai, from καγώ [kagw]) has been translated as “so” to indicate the conclusion drawn from the preceding parable.

2 sn The three present imperatives in this verse (Ask…seek…knock) are probably intended to call for a repeated or continual approach before God.

3 tn Grk “it”; the referent (a door) is implied by the context and has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 sn The actions of asking, seeking, and knocking are repeated here from v. 9 with the encouragement that God does respond.

5 tn Grk “it”; the referent (a door) is implied by the context and has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 tn Grk “the”; in context the article is used as a possessive pronoun (ExSyn 215).

7 tc Most mss (א A C D L W Θ Ψ Ë1,13 33 Ï lat syc,p,h bo) have “bread, does not give him a stone instead, or” before “a fish”; the longer reading, however, looks like a harmonization to Matt 7:9. The shorter reading is thus preferred, attested by Ì45,75 B 1241 pc sys sa.

8 sn The snake probably refers to a water snake.

9 sn The two questions of vv. 11-12 expect the answer, “No father would do this!”

10 tn The participle ὑπάρχοντες (Juparconte") has been translated as a concessive participle.

11 sn The provision of the Holy Spirit is probably a reference to the wisdom and guidance supplied in response to repeated requests. Some apply it to the general provision of the Spirit, but this would seem to look only at one request in a context that speaks of repeated asking. The teaching as a whole stresses not that God gives everything his children want, but that God gives the good that they need. The parallel account in Matthew (7:11) refers to good things where Luke mentions the Holy Spirit.



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