11:39 But the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees clean 1 the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. 2 11:40 You fools! 3 Didn’t the one who made the outside make the inside as well? 4
11:44 Woe to you! 5 You are like unmarked graves, and people 6 walk over them without realizing it!” 7
1 sn The allusion to washing (clean the outside of the cup) shows Jesus knew what they were thinking and deliberately set up a contrast that charged them with hypocrisy and majoring on minors.
2 tn Or “and evil.”
4 tn The question includes a Greek particle, οὐ (ou), that expects a positive reply. God, the maker of both, is concerned for what is both inside and outside.
5 tc Most
6 tn Grk “men.” This is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo"), referring to both males and females.
7 sn In Judaism to come into contact with the dead or what is associated with them, even without knowing it, makes one unclean (Num 19:11-22; Lev 21:1-3; Mishnah, m. Demai 2:3). To Pharisees, who would have been so sensitive about contracting ceremonial uncleanness, it would have been quite a stinging rebuke to be told they caused it.