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Luke 11:38-39

Context
11:38 The 1  Pharisee was astonished when he saw that Jesus 2  did not first wash his hands 3  before the meal. 11:39 But the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees clean 4  the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. 5 

1 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn The words “his hands” are not in the Greek text, but have been supplied for clarity.

sn Washing before meals was a cultural practice that was described in the OT, but not prescribed there (Gen 18:4; Judg 19:21). It was apparently related to concern about contracting ceremonial uncleanness (Lev 11:31-38; t. Demai 2.11-12).

4 sn The allusion to washing (clean the outside of the cup) shows Jesus knew what they were thinking and deliberately set up a contrast that charged them with hypocrisy and majoring on minors.

5 tn Or “and evil.”



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