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Luke 11:31-32

Context
11:31 The queen of the South 1  will rise up at the judgment 2  with the people 3  of this generation and condemn them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon – and now, 4  something greater 5  than Solomon is here! 11:32 The people 6  of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented when Jonah preached to them 7  – and now, 8  something greater than Jonah is here!

1 sn On the queen of the South see 1 Kgs 10:1-3 and 2 Chr 9:1-12, as well as Josephus, Ant. 8.6.5-6 (8.165-175). The South most likely refers to modern southwest Arabia, possibly the eastern part of modern Yemen, although there is an ancient tradition reflected in Josephus which identifies this geo-political entity as Ethiopia.

2 sn For the imagery of judgment, see Luke 10:13-15 and 11:19. The warnings are coming consistently now.

3 tn Grk “men”; the word here (ἀνήρ, anhr) usually indicates males or husbands, but occasionally is used in a generic sense of people in general, as is the case here (cf. BDAG 79 s.v. 1, 2). The same term, translated the same way, occurs in v. 32.

4 tn Grk “behold.”

5 sn The message of Jesus was something greater than what Solomon offered. On Jesus and wisdom, see Luke 7:35; 10:21-22; 1 Cor 1:24, 30.

6 tn See the note on the word “people” in v. 31.

7 tn Grk “at the preaching of Jonah.”

sn The phrase repented when Jonah preached to them confirms that in this context the sign of Jonah (v. 30) is his message.

8 tn Grk “behold.”



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