11:31 The queen of the South 1 will rise up at the judgment 2 with the people 3 of this generation and condemn them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon – and now, 4 something greater 5 than Solomon is here! 11:32 The people 6 of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented when Jonah preached to them 7 – and now, 8 something greater than Jonah is here!
1 sn On the queen of the South see 1 Kgs 10:1-3 and 2 Chr 9:1-12, as well as Josephus, Ant. 8.6.5-6 (8.165-175). The South most likely refers to modern southwest Arabia, possibly the eastern part of modern Yemen, although there is an ancient tradition reflected in Josephus which identifies this geo-political entity as Ethiopia.
3 tn Grk “men”; the word here (ἀνήρ, anhr) usually indicates males or husbands, but occasionally is used in a generic sense of people in general, as is the case here (cf. BDAG 79 s.v. 1, 2). The same term, translated the same way, occurs in v. 32.
4 tn Grk “behold.”
7 tn Grk “at the preaching of Jonah.”
sn The phrase repented when Jonah preached to them confirms that in this context the sign of Jonah (v. 30) is his message.
8 tn Grk “behold.”