10:29 But the expert, 1 wanting to justify 2 himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 10:30 Jesus replied, 3 “A man was going down 4 from Jerusalem 5 to Jericho, 6 and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat 7 him up, and went off, leaving him half dead. 8 10:31 Now by chance 9 a priest was going down that road, but 10 when he saw the injured man 11 he passed by 12 on the other side. 13 10:32 So too a Levite, when he came up to 14 the place and saw him, 15 passed by on the other side. 10:33 But 16 a Samaritan 17 who was traveling 18 came to where the injured man 19 was, and when he saw him, he felt compassion for him. 20 10:34 He 21 went up to him 22 and bandaged his wounds, pouring oil 23 and wine on them. Then 24 he put him on 25 his own animal, 26 brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 10:35 The 27 next day he took out two silver coins 28 and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever else you spend, I will repay you when I come back this way.’ 29 10:36 Which of these three do you think became a neighbor 30 to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?” 10:37 The expert in religious law 31 said, “The one who showed mercy 32 to him.” So 33 Jesus said to him, “Go and do 34 the same.”
1 tn Grk “And he”; the referent (the expert in religious law, shortened here to “the expert”) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
2 tn Or “vindicate.”
sn The expert in religious law picked up on the remark about the neighbor and sought to limit his responsibility for loving. Some believed this obligation would only be required toward the righteous (Sir 12:1-4). The lawyer was trying to see if that was right and thus confidently establish his righteousness (wanting to justify himself).
3 tn Grk “answering, said.” This is redundant in contemporary English and has been simplified to “replied.”
4 sn The journey from Jerusalem to Jericho was 17 mi (27 km), descending some 1800 ft (540 m) in altitude. It was known for its danger because the road ran through areas of desert and caves where the robbers hid.
7 tn Grk “and beat,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.
8 sn That is, in a state between life and death; severely wounded.
9 sn The phrase by chance adds an initial note of hope and fortune to the expectation in the story.
10 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context between the priest’s expected action (helping the victim) and what he really did.
11 tn Grk “him”; the referent (the injured man) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
12 sn It is not said why the priest passed by and refused to help. It is not relevant to the point of the parable that no help was given in the emergency situation.
13 sn The text suggests that the priest went out of his way (on the other side) not to get too close to the scene.
14 tn Here κατά (kata) has been translated “up to”; it could also be translated “upon.”
15 tn The clause containing the aorist active participle ἐλθών (elqwn) suggests that the Levite came up to the place, took a look, and then moved on.
16 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context between the previous characters (considered by society to be examples of piety and religious duty) and a hated Samaritan.
17 tn This is at the beginning of the clause, in emphatic position in the Greek text.
18 tn The participle ὁδεύων (Jodeuwn) has been translated as an adjectival participle (cf. NAB, NASB, TEV); it could also be taken temporally (“while he was traveling,” cf. NRSV, NIV).
19 tn Grk “he”; the referent (the injured man) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
20 tn “Him” is not in the Greek text but is implied. The verb means “to feel compassion for,” and the object of the compassion is understood.
sn Here is what made the Samaritan different: He felt compassion for him. In the story, compassion becomes the concrete expression of love. The next verse details explicitly six acts of compassion.
21 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. Instead, because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
22 tn The words “to him” are not in the Greek text but are implied. The participle προσελθών (proselqwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
24 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. Because of the length and complexity of this Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
25 tn It is not clear whether the causative nuance of the verb included actual assistance or not (“helped him on” versus “had him get on”; see L&N 15.98), but in light of the severity of the man’s condition as described in the preceding verses, some degree of assistance was almost certainly needed.
26 sn His own animal refers to a riding animal, presumably a donkey, but not specified.
27 tn Grk “And the.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
28 tn Grk “two denarii.”
sn The two silver coins were denarii. A denarius was a silver coin worth about a day’s pay for a laborer; this would be an amount worth about two days’ pay.
29 tn Grk “when I come back”; the words “this way” are part of an English idiom used to translate the phrase.
31 tn Grk “And he”; the referent (the expert in religious law) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
32 sn The neighbor did not do what was required (that is why his response is called mercy) but had compassion and out of kindness went the extra step that shows love. See Mic 6:8. Note how the expert in religious law could not bring himself to admit that the example was a Samaritan, someone who would have been seen as a racial half-breed and one not worthy of respect. So Jesus makes a second point that neighbors may appear in surprising places.
33 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate the concluding summary.