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Luke 10:26-36

Context
10:26 He said to him, “What is written in the law? How do you understand it?” 1  10:27 The expert 2  answered, “Love 3  the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, 4  and love your neighbor as yourself.” 5  10:28 Jesus 6  said to him, “You have answered correctly; 7  do this, and you will live.”

10:29 But the expert, 8  wanting to justify 9  himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 10:30 Jesus replied, 10  “A man was going down 11  from Jerusalem 12  to Jericho, 13  and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat 14  him up, and went off, leaving him half dead. 15  10:31 Now by chance 16  a priest was going down that road, but 17  when he saw the injured man 18  he passed by 19  on the other side. 20  10:32 So too a Levite, when he came up to 21  the place and saw him, 22  passed by on the other side. 10:33 But 23  a Samaritan 24  who was traveling 25  came to where the injured man 26  was, and when he saw him, he felt compassion for him. 27  10:34 He 28  went up to him 29  and bandaged his wounds, pouring oil 30  and wine on them. Then 31  he put him on 32  his own animal, 33  brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 10:35 The 34  next day he took out two silver coins 35  and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever else you spend, I will repay you when I come back this way.’ 36  10:36 Which of these three do you think became a neighbor 37  to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?”

1 tn Grk “How do you read?” The pronoun “it” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were frequently omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

2 tn Grk “And he”; the referent (the expert in religious law, shortened here to “the expert”) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

3 tn Grk “You will love.” The future indicative is used here with imperatival force (see ExSyn 452 and 569).

4 sn A quotation from Deut 6:5. The fourfold reference to different parts of the person says, in effect, that one should love God with all one’s being.

5 tn This portion of the reply is a quotation from Lev 19:18. The verb is repeated in the translation for stylistic reasons.

6 tn Grk “And he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

7 sn Jesus commends the reply (you have answered correctly). What is assumed here, given the previous context, is that he will respond to Jesus’ message, as to love God is to respond to his Son; see v. 22.

8 tn Grk “And he”; the referent (the expert in religious law, shortened here to “the expert”) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

9 tn Or “vindicate.”

sn The expert in religious law picked up on the remark about the neighbor and sought to limit his responsibility for loving. Some believed this obligation would only be required toward the righteous (Sir 12:1-4). The lawyer was trying to see if that was right and thus confidently establish his righteousness (wanting to justify himself).

10 tn Grk “answering, said.” This is redundant in contemporary English and has been simplified to “replied.”

11 sn The journey from Jerusalem to Jericho was 17 mi (27 km), descending some 1800 ft (540 m) in altitude. It was known for its danger because the road ran through areas of desert and caves where the robbers hid.

12 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

13 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

14 tn Grk “and beat,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

15 sn That is, in a state between life and death; severely wounded.

16 sn The phrase by chance adds an initial note of hope and fortune to the expectation in the story.

17 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context between the priest’s expected action (helping the victim) and what he really did.

18 tn Grk “him”; the referent (the injured man) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

19 sn It is not said why the priest passed by and refused to help. It is not relevant to the point of the parable that no help was given in the emergency situation.

20 sn The text suggests that the priest went out of his way (on the other side) not to get too close to the scene.

21 tn Here κατά (kata) has been translated “up to”; it could also be translated “upon.”

22 tn The clause containing the aorist active participle ἐλθών (elqwn) suggests that the Levite came up to the place, took a look, and then moved on.

23 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context between the previous characters (considered by society to be examples of piety and religious duty) and a hated Samaritan.

24 tn This is at the beginning of the clause, in emphatic position in the Greek text.

25 tn The participle ὁδεύων (Jodeuwn) has been translated as an adjectival participle (cf. NAB, NASB, TEV); it could also be taken temporally (“while he was traveling,” cf. NRSV, NIV).

26 tn Grk “he”; the referent (the injured man) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

27 tn “Him” is not in the Greek text but is implied. The verb means “to feel compassion for,” and the object of the compassion is understood.

sn Here is what made the Samaritan different: He felt compassion for him. In the story, compassion becomes the concrete expression of love. The next verse details explicitly six acts of compassion.

28 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. Instead, because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

29 tn The words “to him” are not in the Greek text but are implied. The participle προσελθών (proselqwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

30 sn The ancient practice of pouring oil was designed to comfort and clean the wounds (Isa 1:6).

31 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. Because of the length and complexity of this Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

32 tn It is not clear whether the causative nuance of the verb included actual assistance or not (“helped him on” versus “had him get on”; see L&N 15.98), but in light of the severity of the man’s condition as described in the preceding verses, some degree of assistance was almost certainly needed.

33 sn His own animal refers to a riding animal, presumably a donkey, but not specified.

34 tn Grk “And the.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

35 tn Grk “two denarii.”

sn The two silver coins were denarii. A denarius was a silver coin worth about a day’s pay for a laborer; this would be an amount worth about two days’ pay.

36 tn Grk “when I come back”; the words “this way” are part of an English idiom used to translate the phrase.

37 sn Jesus reversed the question the expert in religious law asked in v. 29 to one of becoming a neighbor by loving. “Do not think about who they are, but who you are,” was his reply.



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