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Luke 10:15

Context
10:15 And you, Capernaum, 1  will you be exalted to heaven? 2  No, you will be thrown down to Hades! 3 

Luke 16:23

Context
16:23 And in hell, 4  as he was in torment, 5  he looked up 6  and saw Abraham far off with Lazarus at his side. 7 

1 sn Capernaum was a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region.

map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 C3; Map3 B2.

2 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.

3 sn In the OT, Hades was known as Sheol. It is the place where the unrighteous will reside (Matt 11:23; Luke 16:23; Rev 20:13-14).

4 sn The Greek term Hades stands for the Hebrew concept of Sheol. It is what is called hell today. This is where the dead were gathered (Ps 16:10; 86:13). In the NT Hades has an additional negative force of awaiting judgment (Rev 20:13).

5 sn Hades is a place of torment, especially as one knows that he is separated from God.

6 tn Grk “he lifted up his eyes” (an idiom).

7 tn Grk “in his bosom,” the same phrase used in 16:22. This idiom refers to heaven and/or participation in the eschatological banquet. An appropriate modern equivalent is “at Abraham’s side.”



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