1 sn Capernaum was a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region.
2 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.
4 sn The Greek term Hades stands for the Hebrew concept of Sheol. It is what is called hell today. This is where the dead were gathered (Ps 16:10; 86:13). In the NT Hades has an additional negative force of awaiting judgment (Rev 20:13).
5 sn Hades is a place of torment, especially as one knows that he is separated from God.
6 tn Grk “he lifted up his eyes” (an idiom).