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Luke 10:1-2

Context
The Mission of the Seventy-Two

10:1 After this 1  the Lord appointed seventy-two 2  others and sent them on ahead of him two by two into every town 3  and place where he himself was about to go. 10:2 He 4  said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Therefore ask the Lord of the harvest 5  to send out 6  workers into his harvest.

Luke 10:7

Context
10:7 Stay 7  in that same house, eating and drinking what they give you, 8  for the worker deserves his pay. 9  Do not move around from house to house.

1 tn Grk “And after these things.” Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

2 tc There is a difficult textual problem here and in v. 17, where the number is either “seventy” (א A C L W Θ Ξ Ψ Ë1,13 Ï and several church fathers and early versions) or “seventy-two” (Ì75 B D 0181 pc lat as well as other versions and fathers). The more difficult reading is “seventy-two,” since scribes would be prone to assimilate this passage to several OT passages that refer to groups of seventy people (Num 11:13-17; Deut 10:22; Judg 8:30; 2 Kgs 10:1 et al.); this reading also has slightly better ms support. “Seventy” could be the preferred reading if scribes drew from the tradition of the number of translators of the LXX, which the Letter of Aristeas puts at seventy-two (TCGNT 127), although this is far less likely. All things considered, “seventy-two” is a much more difficult reading and accounts for the rise of the other. Only Luke notes a second larger mission like the one in 9:1-6.

3 tn Or “city.”

4 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

5 sn The phrase Lord of the harvest recognizes God’s sovereignty over the harvest process.

6 tn Grk “to thrust out.”

7 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

8 tn Grk “eating and drinking the things from them” (an idiom for what the people in the house provide the guests).

9 sn On the phrase the worker deserves his pay see 1 Tim 5:18 and 1 Cor 9:14.



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