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Leviticus 8:15-16

Context
8:15 and he slaughtered it. 1  Moses then took the blood and put it all around on the horns of the altar with his finger and decontaminated the altar, 2  and he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar and so consecrated it to make atonement on it. 3  8:16 Then he 4  took all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, 5  and Moses offered it all up in smoke on the altar, 6 

Leviticus 8:19-20

Context
8:19 and he slaughtered it. 7  Moses then splashed the blood against the altar’s sides. 8:20 Then he 8  cut the ram into parts, 9  and Moses offered the head, the parts, and the suet up in smoke,

Leviticus 8:23

Context
8:23 and he slaughtered it. 10  Moses then took some of its blood and put it on Aaron’s right earlobe, 11  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 12  of his right foot.

1 sn Contrary to some English versions (e.g., NAB, NASB, NIV, NLT), Aaron (not Moses) most likely slaughtered the bull, possibly with the help of his sons, although the verb is singular, not plural. Moses then performed the ritual procedures that involved direct contact with the altar. Compare the pattern in Lev 1:5-9, where the offerer does the slaughtering and the priests perform the procedures that involve direct contact with the altar. In Lev 8 Moses is functioning as the priest in order to consecrate the priesthood. The explicit reintroduction of the name of Moses as the subject of the next verb seems to reinforce this understanding of the passage (cf. also vv. 19 and 23 below).

2 tn The verb is the Piel of חָטָא (khata’, “to sin”) and means “to de-sin” the altar. This verse is important for confirming the main purpose of the sin offering, which was to decontaminate the tabernacle and its furniture from any impurities. See the note on Lev 4:3.

3 tn Similar to v. 10 above, “and consecrated it” refers to the effect of the blood manipulation earlier in the verse. The goal here was to consecrate the altar in order that it might become a place on which it would be appropriate “to make atonement” before the Lord.

4 tn Again, Aaron probably performed the slaughter and collected the fat parts (v. 16a), but Moses presented it all on the altar (v. 16b; cf. the note on v. 15 above).

5 sn See Lev 3:3-4 for the terminology of fat and kidneys here.

6 tn Heb “toward the altar” (see the note on Lev 1:9).

7 tn Aaron probably did the slaughtering (cf. the notes on Lev 8:15-16 above).

8 tn Again, Aaron probably cut the ram up into parts (v. 20a), but Moses presented them on the altar (v. 20b; cf. the note on v. 15 above).

9 tn Heb “cut it into its parts.” One could translate here, “quartered it” (J. Milgrom, Leviticus [AB], 1:133; cf. Lev 1:6, 12 above).

10 tn Again, Aaron probably did the slaughtering (cf. the notes on Lev 8:15-16 above).

11 tn Heb “on the lobe of the ear of Aaron, the right one.”

12 tn The term for “big toe” (בֹּהֶן, bohen) is the same as that for “thumb.” It refers to the larger appendage on either the hand or the foot.



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