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Leviticus 4:20

Context
4:20 He must do with the rest of the bull just as he did with the bull of the sin offering; this is what he must do with it. 1  So the priest will make atonement 2  on their behalf and they will be forgiven. 3 

Leviticus 4:26

Context
4:26 Then the priest 4  must offer all of its fat up in smoke on the altar like the fat of the peace offering sacrifice. So the priest will make atonement 5  on his behalf for 6  his sin and he will be forgiven. 7 

Leviticus 4:31

Context
4:31 Then he must remove all of its fat (just as fat was removed from the peace offering sacrifice) and the priest must offer it up in smoke on the altar for a soothing aroma to the Lord. So the priest will make atonement 8  on his behalf and he will be forgiven. 9 

1 sn Cf. Lev 4:11-12 above for the disposition of “the [rest of] the bull.”

2 sn The focus of sin offering “atonement” was purging impurities from the tabernacle (see the note on Lev 1:4).

3 tn Heb “there shall be forgiveness to them” or “it shall be forgiven to them.”

4 tn Heb “Then he”; the referent has been specified in the translation for clarity. Based on the parallel statements in 4:10 and 4:31, it is the priest who performs this action rather than the person who brought the offering.

5 sn The focus of sin offering “atonement” was purging impurities from the tabernacle (see the note on Lev 1:4).

6 tn Heb “from.” In this phrase the preposition מִן (min) may be referring to the reason or cause (“on account of, because of”; GKC 383 §119.z). As J. E. Hartley (Leviticus [WBC], 47) points out, “from” may refer to the removal of the sin, but is an awkward expression. Hartley also suggests that the phrasing might be “an elliptical expression for יְכַפֵּר עַל־לְטַהֵר אֶת־מִן, ‘he will make expiation for…to cleanse…from…,’ as in 16:30.”

7 tn Heb “there shall be forgiveness to him” or “it shall be forgiven to him” (KJV similar).

8 sn The focus of sin offering “atonement” was purging impurities from the tabernacle (see the note on Lev 1:4).

9 tn Heb “there shall be forgiveness to him” or “it shall be forgiven to him” (KJV similar).



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