22:19 if it is to be acceptable for your benefit 1 it must be a flawless male from the cattle, sheep, or goats. 22:20 You must not present anything that has a flaw, 2 because it will not be acceptable for your benefit. 3 22:21 If a man presents a peace offering sacrifice to the Lord for a special votive offering 4 or for a freewill offering from the herd or the flock, it must be flawless to be acceptable; 5 it must have no flaw. 6
22:22 “‘You must not present to the Lord something blind, or with a broken bone, or mutilated, or with a running sore, 7 or with a festering eruption, or with a feverish rash. 8 You must not give any of these as a gift 9 on the altar to the Lord. 22:23 As for an ox 10 or a sheep with a limb too long or stunted, 11 you may present it as a freewill offering, but it will not be acceptable for a votive offering. 12 22:24 You must not present to the Lord something with testicles that are bruised, crushed, torn, or cut off; 13 you must not do this in your land.
2 tn Heb “all which in it [is] a flaw.” Note that the same term is used for physical flaws of people in Lev 21:17-24. Cf. KJV, ASV, NRSV “blemish”; NASB, NIV, TEV “defect”; NLT “with physical defects.”
3 tn Heb “not for acceptance shall it be for you”; NIV “it will not be accepted on your behalf” (NRSV and NLT both similar).
4 tn The meaning of the expression לְפַלֵּא־נֶדֶר (lÿfalle’-neder) rendered here “for a special votive offering” is much debated. Some take it as an expression for fulfilling a vow, “to fulfill a vow” (e.g., HALOT 927-28 s.v. פלא piel and NASB; cf. NAB, NRSV “in fulfillment of a vow”) or, alternatively, “to make a vow” or “for making a vow” (HALOT 928 s.v. פלא piel [II פלא]). Perhaps it refers to the making a special vow, from the verb פָלַא (pala’, “to be wonderful, to be remarkable”); cf. J. Milgrom, Numbers (JPSTC), 44. B. A. Levine, Leviticus (JPSTC), 151 and 193, suggests that this is a special term for “setting aside a votive offering” (related to פָלָה [palah, “to set aside”]). In general, the point of the expression seems to be that this sacrifice arises as a special gift to God out of special circumstances in the life of the worshiper.
5 tn Heb “for acceptance”; NAB “if it is to find acceptance.”
6 tn Heb “all/any flaw shall not be in it.”
7 tn Or perhaps “a wart” (cf. NIV; HALOT 383 s.v. יַבֶּלֶת, but see the remarks in J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 358).
10 tn Heb “And an ox.”
11 tn Heb “and stunted” (see HALOT 1102 s.v. I קלט).
12 sn The freewill offering was voluntary, so the regulations regarding it were more relaxed. Once a vow was made, the paying of it was not voluntary (see B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 151-52, for very helpful remarks on this verse).