18:21 You must not give any of your children as an offering to Molech, 1 so that you do not profane 2 the name of your God. I am the Lord!
20:3 I myself will set my face 3 against that man and cut him off from the midst of his people, 4 because he has given some of his children to Molech and thereby defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name. 5
1 tn Heb “And from your seed you shall not give to cause to pass over to Molech.” Smr (cf. also the LXX) has “to cause to serve” rather than “to cause to pass over.” For detailed remarks on Molech and Molech worship see N. H. Snaith, Leviticus and Numbers (NCBC), 87-88; P. J. Budd, Leviticus (NCBC), 259-60; and J. E. Hartley, Leviticus (WBC), 333-37, and the literature cited there. It could refer to either human sacrifice or a devotion of children to some sort of service of Molech, perhaps of a sexual sort (cf. Lev 20:2-5; 2 Kgs 23:10, etc.). The inclusion of this prohibition against Molech worship here may be due to some sexual connection of this kind, or perhaps simply to the lexical link between זֶרַע (zera’) meaning “seed, semen” in v. 20 but “offspring” in v. 21.
3 tn Heb “And I, I shall give my faces.”
5 tn Heb “for the sake of defiling my sanctuary and to profane my holy name.”