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Leviticus 17:12-14

Context
17:12 Therefore, I have said to the Israelites: No person among you is to eat blood, 1  and no resident foreigner who lives among you is to eat blood. 2 

17:13 “‘Any man from the Israelites 3  or from the foreigners who reside 4  in their 5  midst who hunts a wild animal 6  or a bird that may be eaten 7  must pour out its blood and cover it with soil, 17:14 for the life of all flesh is its blood. 8  So I have said to the Israelites: You must not eat the blood of any living thing 9  because the life of every living thing is its blood – all who eat it will be cut off. 10 

1 tn Heb “all/any person from you shall not eat blood.”

2 tn Heb “and the sojourner, the one sojourning in your midst, shall not eat blood.”

3 tc A few medieval Hebrew mss, Smr, and Tg. Ps.-J. have “from the house of Israel” as in vv. 3, 8, and 10, but the LXX agrees with the MT.

4 tn Heb “from the sojourner who sojourns.”

5 tc The LXX, Syriac, Vulgate, and certain mss of Smr have “your” (plural) rather than “their” (cf. v. 10 above).

6 tn Heb “[wild] game of animal.”

7 tn That is, it must be a clean animal, not an unclean animal (cf. Lev 11).

8 tn Heb “for the life/soul (נֶפֶשׁ, nefesh) of all flesh, its blood in its life/soul (נֶפֶשׁ) it is.” The LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate leave out “in its life/soul,” which would naturally yield “for the life of all flesh, its blood it is” (see J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 261, 263). The present translation is something of an oversimplification, but the meaning is basically the same in any case. Cf. NRSV “For the life of every creature – its blood is its life.”

9 tn Heb “of all flesh” (also later in this verse). See the note on “every living thing” in v. 11.

10 tn For remarks on the “cut off” penalty see the note on v. 4 above.



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