16:29 “This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 1 In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 2 and do no work of any kind, 3 both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 4 in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the Lord. 5 16:31 It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves. 6 It is a perpetual statute. 7
16:32 “The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 8 is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 9 the Most Holy Place, 10 he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 11 and he is to make atonement for 12 the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 13 to make atonement for the Israelites for 14 all their sins once a year.” 15 So he did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 16
23:26 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:27 “The 17 tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. 18 It is to be a holy assembly for you, and you must humble yourselves 19 and present a gift to the Lord. 23:28 You must not do any work on this particular day, 20 because it is a day of atonement to make atonement for yourselves 21 before the Lord your God. 23:29 Indeed, 22 any person who does not behave with humility on this particular day will be cut off from his people. 23 23:30 As for any person 24 who does any work on this particular day, I will exterminate 25 that person from the midst of his people! 26 23:31 You must not do any work. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations 27 in all the places where you live. 23:32 It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening until evening you must observe your Sabbath.” 28
1 tn Heb “And it [feminine] shall be for you a perpetual statute.” Verse 34 begins with the same clause except for the missing demonstrative pronoun “this” here in v. 29. The LXX has “this” in both places and it suits the sense of the passage, although both the verb and the pronoun are sometimes missing in this clause elsewhere in the book (see, e.g., Lev 3:17).
2 tn Heb “you shall humble your souls.” The verb “to humble” here refers to various forms of self-denial, including but not limited to fasting (cf. Ps 35:13 and Isa 58:3, 10). The Mishnah (m. Yoma 8:1) lists abstentions from food and drink, bathing, using oil as an unguent to moisten the skin, wearing leather sandals, and sexual intercourse (cf. 2 Sam 12:16-17, 20; see the remarks in J. Milgrom, Leviticus [AB], 1:1054; B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 109; and J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 242).
3 tn Heb “and all work you shall not do.”
4 tn Heb “the native and the sojourner who sojourns.”
5 tn The phrase “from all your sins” could go with the previous clause as the verse is rendered here (see, e.g., B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 109, and J. Milgrom, Leviticus [AB], 1:1011), or it could go with the following clause (i.e., “you shall be clean from all your sins before the
8 tn Heb “And the priest whom he shall anointed him and whom he shall fill his hand to act as priest under his father.” Imperfect active verbs are often used as passives (see, e.g., v. 27 above and the note on Lev 14:4).
10 tn Heb “the sanctuary of the holy place.” Although this is the only place this expression occurs in the OT, it clearly refers to the innermost shrine behind the veil-canopy, where the ark of the covenant was located.
11 tn Heb “and the tent of meeting and the alter he shall atone.” The repetition of the verb כִּפֶּר (kipper, “to atone”) at the beginning and end of the sequence appears to be strange, but the MT accents suggest that only “the Most Holy Place” goes with the verb at the beginning of the verse. Of course, the purging of “the Most Holy Place” has been the main emphasis of this chapter from the start (see vv. 2-3 and 11-17).
12 tn At this point in the verse the verb כִּפֶּר (kipper, “to make atonement”) takes its object with the preposition עַל (’al, “for”; literally, “upon”; contrast the first part of the verse and cf. the notes on Lev 1:4 and 16:20 above).
15 tn Heb “one [feminine] in the year.”
16 tn The MT of Lev 16:34b reads literally, “and he did just as the
17 tn Heb “Surely the tenth day” or perhaps “Precisely the tenth day.” The Hebrew adverbial particle אַךְ (’akh) is left untranslated by most recent English versions; cf. however NASB “On exactly the tenth day.”
20 tn Heb “in the bone of this day.”
21 tn Heb “on you [plural]”; cf. NASB, NRSV “on your behalf.”
22 tn The particular כִּי (ki) is taken in an asseverative sense here (“Indeed,” see the NJPS translation).
23 tn Heb “it [i.e., that person; literally “soul,” feminine] shall be cut off from its peoples [plural]”; NLT “from the community.”
24 tn Heb “And any person.”
25 tn See HALOT 3 s.v. I אבד hif. Cf. KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV, NLT “destroy”; CEV “wipe out.”
27 tn Heb “for your generations.”
28 tn Heb “you shall rest your Sabbath.”