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Leviticus 16:10

16:10 but the goat which has been designated by lot for Azazel is to be stood alive 1  before the Lord to make atonement on it by sending it away to Azazel into the wilderness. 2 

Leviticus 21:17

21:17 “Tell Aaron, ‘No man from your descendants throughout their generations 3  who has a physical flaw 4  is to approach to present the food of his God.

Leviticus 22:3

22:3 Say to them, ‘Throughout your generations, 5  if any man from all your descendants approaches the holy offerings which the Israelites consecrate 6  to the Lord while he is impure, 7  that person must be cut off from before me. 8  I am the Lord.

1 tn The LXX has “he shall stand it” (cf. v. 7).

2 tn Heb “to make atonement on it to send it away to Azazel toward the wilderness.”

3 tn Heb “to their generations.”

4 tn Heb “who in him is a flaw”; cf. KJV, ASV “any blemish”; NASB, NIV “a defect.” The rendering “physical flaw” is used to refer to any birth defect or physical injury of the kind described in the following verses (cf. the same Hebrew word also in Lev 24:19-20). The same term is used for “flawed” animals, which must not be offered to the Lord in Lev 22:20-25.

5 tn Heb “To your generations.”

6 tn The Piel (v. 2) and Hiphil (v. 3) forms of the verb קָדַשׁ (qadash) appear to be interchangeable in this context. Both mean “to consecrate” (Heb “make holy [or “sacred”]”).

7 tn Heb “and his impurity [is] on him”; NIV “is ceremonially unclean”; NAB, NRSV “while he is in a state of uncleanness.”

8 sn Regarding the “cut off” penalty, see the note on Lev 7:20. Cf. the interpretive translation of TEV “he can never again serve at the altar.”

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