11:10 But any creatures that do not have both fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams, from all the swarming things of the water and from all the living creatures that are in the water, are detestable to you.
11:11 Since they are detestable to you, you must not eat their meat and their carcass you must detest.
11:12 Any creature in the water that does not have both fins and scales is detestable to you.
Creatures that Swarm on the Land
11:29 “‘Now this is what is unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm on the land: 1 the rat, the mouse, the large lizard of any kind,
11:30 the Mediterranean gecko, the spotted lizard, the wall gecko, the skink, and the chameleon.
11:31 These are the ones that are unclean to you among all the swarming things. Anyone who touches them when they die will be unclean until evening.
11:42 You must not eat anything that crawls 2 on its belly or anything that walks on all fours or on any number of legs 3 of all the swarming things that swarm on the land, because they are detestable.
11:43 Do not make yourselves detestable by any of the swarming things. 4 You must not defile yourselves by them and become unclean by them,
11:44 for I am the Lord your God and you are to sanctify yourselves and be holy because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any of the swarming things that creep on the ground,
1 tn For zoological analyses of the list of creatures in vv. 29-30, see J. Milgrom, Leviticus (AB), 1:671-72; and J. E. Hartley, Leviticus (WBC), 161-62.
2 tn Heb “goes” (KJV, ASV “goeth”); NIV “moves about”; NLT “slither along.” The same Hebrew term is translated “walks” in the following clause.
3 tn Heb “until all multiplying of legs.”
4 tn Heb “by any of the swarming things that swarm.”