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Jude 1:16-18

Context
1:16 These people are grumblers and 1  fault-finders who go 2  wherever their desires lead them, 3  and they give bombastic speeches, 4  enchanting folks 5  for their own gain. 6 

Exhortation to the Faithful

1:17 But you, dear friends – recall the predictions 7  foretold by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 8  1:18 For they said to you, “In the end time there will come 9  scoffers, propelled by their own ungodly desires.” 10 

1 tn “And” is not in Greek, but is supplied for the sake of English style.

2 tn Or “going.” Though the participle is anarthrous, so also is the subject. Thus, the participle could be either adverbial or adjectival.

3 tn Grk “(who go/going) according to their own lusts.”

4 tn Grk “and their mouth speaks bombastic things.”

sn They give bombastic speeches. The idiom of opening one’s mouth in the NT often implied a public oration from a teacher or one in authority. Cf. Matt 5:2; Luke 4:22; Acts 1:16; 3:18; 10:34; Eph 6:19; Rev 13:5-6.

5 sn Enchanting folks (Grk “awing faces”) refers to the fact that the speeches of these false teachers are powerful and seductive.

6 tn Or “to their own advantage.”

7 tn Grk “words.” In conjunction with προεῖπον (proeipon), however, the meaning of the construction is that the apostles uttered prophecies.

8 sn This verse parallels 2 Pet 3:2 both conceptually and in much of the verbiage. There is one important difference, however: In 2 Pet 3:2 the prophets and apostles speak; here, just the apostles speak. This makes good sense if Jude is using 2 Peter as his main source and is urging his readers to go back to the authoritative writings, both OT and now especially NT.

9 tn Grk “be.”

10 tn Grk “going according to their own desires of ungodliness.”

sn Jude cites 2 Pet 3:3, changing a few of the words among other things, cleaning up the syntax, conforming it to Hellenistic style.



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