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Jude 1:14

Context

1:14 Now Enoch, the seventh in descent beginning with Adam, 1  even prophesied of them, 2  saying, “Look! The Lord is coming 3  with thousands and thousands 4  of his holy ones,

1 tn Grk “the seventh from Adam.”

sn The genealogical count is inclusive, counting Adam as the first, for Enoch is really the sixth in descent from Adam (Adam, Seth, Enosh, Cainan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch). In this way, the picture of perfection/completion was retained (for the number seven is often used for perfection or completion in the Bible) starting with Adam and concluding with Enoch.

2 tn Grk “against them.” The dative τούτοις (toutois) is a dativus incommodi (dative of disadvantage).

3 tn Grk “has come,” a proleptic aorist.

4 tn Grk “ten thousands.” The word μυριάς (muria"), from which the English myriad is derived, means “ten thousand.” In the plural it means “ten thousands.” This would mean, minimally, 20,000 (a multiple of ten thousand). At the same time, the term was often used in apocalyptic literature to represent simply a rather large number, without any attempt to be specific.



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