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Joshua 4:16-20

Context
4:16 “Instruct the priests carrying the ark of the covenantal laws 1  to come up from the Jordan.” 4:17 So Joshua instructed the priests, “Come up from the Jordan!” 4:18 The priests carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord came up from the middle of the Jordan, and as soon as they set foot on dry land, 2  the water of the Jordan flowed again and returned to flood stage. 3 

4:19 The people went up from the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month 4  and camped in Gilgal on the eastern border of Jericho. 5  4:20 Now Joshua set up in Gilgal the 6  twelve stones they had taken from the Jordan.

1 tn Traditionally, “the ark of the testimony,” another name for the ark of the covenant. The Hebrew term עֵדוּת (’edut, “testimony” or “witness”) here refers to the Mosaic covenant and the body of stipulations contained within it (see HALOT 2:791).

2 tn Heb “and the soles of the feet of the priests were brought up to the dry land.”

3 tn Heb “and the waters of the Jordan returned to their place and went as formerly over their banks.”

sn Verses 15-18 give a more detailed account of the priests’ crossing that had been briefly described in v. 11.

4 sn The first month was the month Abib (= late March-early April in the modern calendar). The Passover in Egypt also occurred on the tenth day of the first month (Exod 12:2; 13:4).

5 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

6 tn Heb “these,” referring specifically to the twelve stones mentioned in vv. 3-7.



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