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Joshua 12:1-3

Context

12:1 Now these are the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated and drove from their land 1  on the east side of the Jordan, 2  from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the eastern Arabah:

12:2 King Sihon of the Amorites who lived 3  in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) – including the city in the middle of the valley 4  and half of Gilead – all the way to the Jabbok Valley bordering Ammonite territory. 12:3 His kingdom included 5  the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Kinnereth 6  to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), 7  including the route to Beth Jeshimoth and the area southward below the slopes of Pisgah.

1 tn Heb “and took possession of their land.”

2 tn Heb “beyond the Jordan, toward the rising of the sun.”

3 tn Or perhaps, “reigned.”

4 tc The MT reads here, “and the middle of the valley,” but the reading “the city in the middle of valley” can be reconstructed on the basis of Josh 13:9, 16.

5 tn The words “his kingdom included” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

6 sn The Sea of Kinnereth is another name for the Sea of Galilee. See the note on the word “Kinnereth” in 11:2.

7 sn The Salt Sea is another name for the Dead Sea.



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